Alexander Stewart, Duke of Albany

Alexander Stewart (* 1454, † August 7, 1485 ) was a son of the Scottish king James II and his wife Maria of funds. It was in 1455 created Earl of March and Lord of Annandale, raised to the Duke of Albany, Earl of March in 1482 and Earl of Garioch 1458.


Alexander married his first wife, Catherine Sinclair, daughter of William, 1st Earl of Caithness. The marriage ended in divorce on the basis of existing blood relationship, after she had already borne him two children:

  • Alexander ( † December 19, 1537 ), 1516 declared illegitimate, since 1528 Bishop of Moray
  • Catherine ∞ Patrick Hamilton of Kincavil

Alexander was in 1479 for conspiracy against the crown from his brother Jacob III. arrested but managed to escape to France. His lands were confiscated then. In 1480 he married there in a second marriage Anne de la Tour (about 1463-1512 ), daughter of Bertrand VI. , Count of Auvergne. With this he had a son:

  • John Stewart (1484-1536), 2nd Duke of Albany, Regent of Scotland from 1516 to 1528

In agreement with the English king Edward IV in 1482 he declared himself himself King of Scotland. But shortly afterwards he was reconciled again with his brother and was fully rehabilitated in 1482. 1483 all his estates and titles were again collected and Alexander renewed his covenant with England. He invaded Scotland, but was defeated at the Battle of Lochmaben on July 22, 1484. He fled to France, where he died in 1485 at the consequences of an injury in a tournament.