Alfredo PÃ©rez Rubalcaba
Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba ( born July 28, 1951 in Solares, Cantabria ) is a Spanish politician and, since February 4, 2012 Secretary General of the Socialist PSOE. From April 2006 to July 2011 he was Minister of the Interior in the cabinet Zapatero. Previously, he was under Felipe González education and science minister (1992-1993) and Minister of Presidency (1993-1996 corresponds to the German Chancellery Minister ).
Rubalcaba was the top candidate of the Social Democrats in the Spanish parliamentary elections on 30 November 2011, in which his party won only 110 of 350 seats, increasing the worst result received since its inception.
Alfredo Pérez Rubalcaba occurred in 1974 in the - a PSOE and first became involved in the education and research policy - at this time, one year before the death of the dictator Francisco Franco nor prohibited. In 1988 he was appointed under the first PSOE prime minister Felipe González to the Secretary of State for Education, 1992 Minister for Education and Science.
After the Spanish 1993 elections in which he was first elected to the Spanish Parliament, Rubalcaba was given the newly created department of the " Minister of the Presidency and the relations with the Parliament ", which roughly corresponds to the German chief of the Federal Chancellery.
After the electoral defeat of the PSOE against the conservative PP 1996 Rubalcaba has been selected for communication officers of his party in 1997. In the negotiations that followed in 1999 to a ceasefire announcement by the Basque terrorist organization ETA, Rubalcaba became the main contact in the PSOE for the government, José María Aznar. At the party congress in 2000, at the José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero was elected as the new Secretary General of the PSOE, Rubalcaba became a member of the party executive. After breaking the truce by ETA he acted in December 2000 for his party the " Pact for freedom and against terrorism " (so-called " anti-terrorist pact" ) between PSOE and PP from.
Before the parliamentary elections on March 14, 2004 Rubalcaba was responsible for the campaign strategy of the PSOE. As per the cable stops Madrid of 11 March 2004 on the eve of elections, a crowd gathered in front of the party headquarters of the PP and the deselection Aznar called, Rubalcaba was accused by the PP to have organized the unauthorized demonstration; the charge but could not be detected. After the electoral victory of the PSOE on 14 March Rubalcaba became chairman of the PSOE Group in Parliament.
After ETA had announced a ceasefire again on 26 March 2006, the experienced in counter-terrorism policy Rubalcaba was appointed on 11 April 2006 to the Secretary. In this office he took over from José Antonio Alonso Suárez, who took over for the defense department.
Rubalcaba responsible so that the attempt by the Spanish government to achieve through a dialogue with ETA an end to terrorism. These experiments were supported by most Spanish parties, however, met with a violent rejection by the PP, whose deputies Rubalcaba repeatedly criticized. After breaking the ceasefire by ETA in December 2006, the government ended the dialogue and intensified again the police actions against the terrorist organization, which led to several arrests success within a short time.
Although Rubalcaba had initially planned to retire after the Spanish general elections in 2008 for family reasons from active politics, he finally took over - especially at the insistence of the Basque Socialists - again, the Interior Ministry. In October 2010, he was also in a cabinet reshuffle as the successor of Maria Teresa Fernandez de la Vega, First Deputy Prime Minister.
After Zapatero had announced in April 2011, not again to stand at the next election, which would have justified had a regular end of its term in March 2012, for the office of prime minister is available, the PSOE Rubalcaba has named their top candidates for the parliamentary elections in 2012. to address this task, Rubalcaba resigned in July 2011 by all government offices. On 29 July 2011 Prime Minister Zapatero announced early elections that were lost were held on 20 November 2011 and for the PSOE.
After the elections Rubalcaba took over the group's presidency, and was elected on February 4, 2012 at the 38th Congress of the PSOE Zapatero also the successor in office of the Secretary General of the party, where he prevailed only by a narrow margin against his a contestant Carme Chacon.