Ali Baba (Arabic: علي بابا ) is a figure of 270 story from the Arabian Nights story collection, which bears the title of Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves (Arabic Ali Baba whale arba'een harami ). In the original Arabic of the Arabian Nights, this story is not included. The story was included in the first European translation of the Arabian Nights by the French orientalist Antoine Galland. He had heard this supposedly in Paris in 1709 of a product coming from Syria storytellers, but probably is Galland's own work.
Ali Baba earns his living as a lumberjack. With the help of the clever slave Mardschana (also Morgiana ) succeeds Ali Baba to subdue a forty -member gang of robbers gradually and to gain possession of her hidden in a cave treasure. Mardschana is released thanks and married to the nephew of Ali Baba.
The number " 40 " is in the Orient as a term for "a lot" or "many" and not an exact number. In the Bible this number appears again and again. Made in the German language, the key word " open sesame - you" is (Arabic: إفتح يا سمسم - Iftah ya simsim ), with the arch of the treasury is open.
Striking is the similarity to the fairy tale Simeliberg (ATU 954) in the collection of the Children's and Household Tales of the Brothers Grimm ( KHM 142), which states: " Shams- Mountain, Mountain Shams-i, tu up ."
The story of Ali Baba has influenced European culture in many ways. The subject was taken up, for example, by Johann Strauss in the operetta Indigo, it was described in dramas and processed in various films. In the visual arts, it appears so at Max Slevogt and Arik Brauer. Ali Baba was set to music by the Comedian Harmonists.
There are a number of film adaptations of the story.
1916 was built by Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves, the musical Chu Chin Chow, which was also made into a film:
- Chu- Chin- Chow, GB 1923
- Chu- Chin- Chow, GB 1934
- Chu- Chin- Chow, GB 1936
- Chu- Chin- Chow, USA 1945
- Ali Baba ve Haramiler Kirk, TR 1944
- Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves, USA 1944
- Son of Ali Baba, USA 1952
- Ali Baba and the Forty Thieves, USA 1953 remake
- Ali Baba and the 40 thieves, USSR / India 1980
- Ali Baba and the 40 thieves, France 2007, two-part TV movie