Alicante Bouschet or Alicante Henri Bouschet is a red grape variety. It is a new breed of Henri Bouschet from 1855 Grenache and Petit Bouschet. Petit Bouschet in turn was crossed from the varieties Teinturier du Cher and Aramon and was developed by Louis Bouschet, the father of Henri. The quality of the grapes is moderate, but it provides a nice red color when it is used as a blend.
Alicante Bouschet is grown mainly in the south of France and in North Africa (see viticulture in Algeria) and to a lesser extent, Italy and California (→ Viticulture in California). In Spain it is including in the areas DO Alicante, Almansa, Bierzo and Terra Alta under the name Garnacha Tintorera one of the authorized varieties. It is not to be confused with the variety Bouchet, which is a synonym for Cabernet Franc.
At the time of Prohibition in the United States, she was very popular there. This variety is due to the thicker skin very well for transport. So you could even produce wine without having its own viticultural approach.
See also the article viticulture in France ( 5,680 acres, as of 2007, ), Viticulture in South Africa, Viticulture in Italy, viticulture in Argentina, Winemaking in Chile ( 437 acres, 2006), viticulture in the United States ( in California alone 470 acres ), Viticulture in Spain and the list of grape varieties.
Ethnicity: Petit Bouschet x Grenache
Ampelographic varietal characteristics
The grape Alicante Bouschet tends to Phytoplasmabefall. The Phytoplasmenbefall leads to yellowing diseases such as Yellow Gold yellowing (French: Flavescence Dorée ) or blackwood disease.
Alicante Bouschet is a variety of the noble vine (Vitis vinifera ). It has hermaphrodite flowers and is thus self- fruiting. When the wine-growing economic disadvantage is avoided, no return delivered to have male plants grow.
The grape Alicante Bouschet is also known under the name of Alicante, Alicante Bouschet, Alicante Bouschet Henri, Alicante Femminello, Alicante Nero, Noir Alicante, Alicante Tinto, Alicantina, Alikant Bushe, Garnacha Tinto Tintorera and sumo.