Almazbek Atambayev Scharschenowitsch ( Cyrillic Алмазбек Шаршенович Атамбаев; born September 17, 1956 in Arashan, Location Tschüi ) is a Kyrgyz politician and, since December 1, 2011 president of his country. Previously, he was from 30 June 1999, the Chairman of the Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan and from 17 December 2010 Government chief of his country. He had already latter office from 29 March held until 28 November 2007.
Atambayev studied at the Moscow School of Management and was from 1980-1981 working as an engineer at the Ministry of Post and Telecommunications of the Kyrgyz Soviet Republic. After a further appointment as chief engineer from 1983 to 1987 followed an activity in the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Kyrgyz SSR. 1987-1989 Atambayev served as Deputy Chairman of the Council of People's Deputies of the Pervomaisky - borough of Frunze Executive Committee.
In 1989, Atambayev research enterprise forum; 1995 to 2000 was followed by five years as a deputy in the Zhogorku Kenesh, the Kyrgyz Parliament. 1997 to 1999 he also headed the industrial enterprises Kyrgysawtomasch.
As a candidate in the presidential elections in October 2000 Atambayev received 6 % of the vote. From 20 December 2005, he sat as Minister of Industry, Trade and Tourism of the Kyrgyz government, but resigned in April 2006 by his post.
In April and in November 2006 he was one of the leading forces of the movement " For Reforms " ( За Реформы ), which organized mass protests against the government.
Following the resignation of Asim Issabekow on 29 March 2007 President Kurmanbek Bakiyev appointed him as Acting Prime Minister; on March 30, he was confirmed in parliament by a vote of 48 to 3 in office.
According to the company Atambayev fell on 11 May 2007 at his office in fainting after he had drunk a glass of water. Only after two days he regained consciousness. Doctors diagnosed toxic hepatitis, is caused by an unknown venom.
On 24 October 2007, President Bakiyev dismissed the government Atambayev. Three days earlier, a new constitution was approved in a referendum, which gives more power to the president. Atambayev remained until the appointment of the Interim Prime Minister Iskenderbek Ajdaralijew on 28 November 2007 in office.
Presidential nomination in 2009
In the presidential elections on 23 July 2009 Atambayev stepped up to be the most promising opposition candidate against incumbent Bakiyev. On election day, he withdrew his candidacy in the short term and justified this by saying that the elections would be manipulated. However, his waiver had no impact on the election, because the deadline had passed for a retreat. According to official data almost 8 % of the electorate voted for Atambayev, Incumbent Bakiyev came to over 80%. The elections were criticized by the opposition and the OSCE as unfree. Election observers noted numerous irregularities. Atambayev announced after the election of a challenge to the result and called for protests.
Overthrow in 2010
During the bloody riots in Kyrgyzstan in April 2010 Atambayev was initially arrested along with other opposition politicians. After the seizure of power by the opposition, he was first deputy prime minister in the interim government under Roza Otunbayeva.
After the parliamentary elections of 10 October 2010 and long coalition negotiations Atambayev was elected on 17 December by the new parliament again as head of government. He announced, among other things, he wanted to close the only remaining in Central Asia U.S. military base in Manas.
In October 2011, the Social Democrat regarded as pro-Russian, won the presidential election with nearly 63 percent. Atambayev was thus the successor of the one and a half years earlier ousted authoritarian ruling Kurmanbek Bakiyev and the interim President Roza Otunbayeva.