Aloys II, Prince of Liechtenstein
Alois II Josef Maria Johannes Baptista von und zu Liechtenstein ( born May 26, 1796 in Vienna, † November 12, 1858 in Castle Lednice, Lednice Castle today ) was from 1836 until his death 11 Prince of Liechtenstein.
One after the revolution of 1848 adopted by that liberal constitution had only a short time.
Prince Alois Josef Maria Johannes Baptista in 1796 as the second child of the imperial- royal princes, and later Field Marshal and Prince Johann I Joseph ( 1760-1836 ) and his wife Josefa Sophie Countess zu Fürstenberg - Weitra ( 1776-1848 ) was born. He was taught by different teachers selected, including the Geschichtsphilosphen Friedrich Schlegel. In succession to the throne of his father in 1805 he became the crown prince. 1806-1813 was his younger brother Karl Johann Nepomuk ( 1803-1871 ) nominally regent of Liechtenstein. His educational journey led Prince Alois to Italy, Switzerland, England and Scotland. The Prince married on August 8, 1831 Countess Franziska Kinsky of Wchinitz and Tettau ( 1813-1881 ).
Their common children were:
- Princess Marie (1834-1909), ∞ 1860 Count Ferdinand von and Trautmansdorff ROGV († 1896)
- Princess Caroline (1836-1885), ∞ 1855 Prince Alexander von Schoenburg - Hartenstein ROGV († 1896)
- Princess Sophie (1837-1899), ∞ 1863 with Prince Karl of Löwenstein -Wertheim -Rosenberg ROGV († 1921)
- Princess Aloysia (1838-1920), ∞ 1864, Count Henry of Pécs († 1885)
- Princess Ida (1839-1921), ∞ 1857 Prince Adolph Joseph zu Schwarzenberg ROGV († 1914)
- Hereditary Prince Johann Maria Franz Placidus ROGV (1840-1929), from 1858 Prince Johann II
- Princess Franziska (1841-1858)
- Princess Henriette (1843-1931), ∞ 1865 Prince Alfred of Liechtenstein ROGV († 1907)
- Princess Anna (1846-1924), ∞ 1864 Prince Georg Christian von Lobkowitz († 1908)
- Princess Therese (1850-1938), ∞ 1882 Prince Arnulf of Bavaria ROGV († 1907)
- Prince Franz de Paula Maria Karl August ROGV (1853-1938), ∞ 1929 Elsa von Gutmann († 1947), from 1929 Prince Franz I
Influenced by his experiences with the political system in England he tended to a liberal aristocracy in a conservative society. After legacy of the great primogeniture on April 20, 1836, he left the city Palais Liechtenstein in Vienna and Eisgrub remodel. He also restored the Liechtenstein Chapel at St. Stephen's in Vienna and extended the princely collections of paintings. In 1842 he attended the first reigning prince his country ( Liechtenstein ). On 1 August 1842 he issued at Vaduz Castle, a new House bill, in which primogeniture has been redefined in terms of the Pragmatic Sanction of 1713. In 1847, another visit in Liechtenstein. In cooperation with the Canton of St. Gallen Rhine regulation has begun. 1852 Alois II signed a customs treaty with Austria. 1849 adopted the prince a provisional constitution for the Principality of Liechtenstein, which met the demands of the residents something.
Title, Title and Coat of Arms
The full title of Prince was Prince of Liechtenstein, Duke of Opava and Jägerndorf, Count of Rietberg, Sovereign of the House of Liechtenstein.
All members of the House have since imperial ceremony of the predicate of 3 June 1760 Title Highness ( writing: SD ) and run the arms of the Princely Family.
Prince Alois II was since 1836 the 931st Knight of the Order of the Golden Fleece, Austrian ceremony.
In 1847 he founded the Liechtenstein military service award.
Prince Alois II and his wife were in the new tomb of the Liechtenstein family vault in Wranau, north of Brno, buried.