Alpine Club classification of the Eastern Alps

  • Northern Eastern Alps
  • Central Eastern Alps
  • Southern Eastern Alps
  • Western Eastern Alps
  • The numbering corresponds to the list of mountain ranges in the Eastern Alps (after AVE).

The Alpine Club classification of the Eastern Alps (AVE ) is a common in mountaineering division of the Eastern Alps in 75 mountain ranges. The basic classification is carried out in Northern Eastern Alps, Central Eastern Alps Eastern Alps Western, Southern and Eastern Alps. These four main parts in 75 groups (referred mainly with ... the Alps ), and these often have in subgroups ( which are often called ... group ) divided.


The Alpine Club classification of the Eastern Alps was developed by Franz Graßler in 1982 and published in 1984 in the Alpine Club Yearbook Mountain '84. It is built on the Moriggl classification (ME) by Josef Moriggl, the Secretary General of the German and Austrian Alpine Club ( DuÖAV ), the 1924 Guide for Alpine hikers (2nd edition 1928) was published for the first time. This still for the German speaking countries ( except Switzerland ) established classification of the Eastern Alps was developed by the German, Austrian and South Tyrolean Alpine Association.

Used the classification among other things to the base numbering of the Alpine Club cards.

Construction of the structure

The Eastern Alps are divided into four sections, the Northern - Central, Southern, Western and Eastern Alps. With each of 27 groups, the Northern and Central Eastern Alps form the largest part. 15 groups there are in the Southern Eastern Alps and six in the Western Eastern Alps.

The classification is based principally on orographic point of view and takes into account the regional customary habits of the mountain group names. The corrections Graßler 1984 go to certain geological problems, and have some groups can no longer work after Morrigl, and made ​​for it in other areas of finer subdivisions. These changes are evident in the lack of Numbering and letters additives. Also came as new areas added to the western Eastern Alps. This territory is not working sites of those clubs, and is actually the continuation of the South and Central Alps dar.

Differing from the previous scheme, the Salzburg Slate Alps are assigned to the Northern Eastern Alps, as they are part of the greywacke zone, which form the basement of the Alps. The Ortler Alps and the Sobretta - Gavia Group are assigned to the Southern Eastern Alps, geologically speaking they lie north of the Tonale line and are counted for Austroalpine.

Geographical characteristics

To the Eastern Alps, the six countries Germany, Italy, Liechtenstein, Austria, Switzerland and Slovenia. With 57 groups Austria has the largest share. It is followed by Italy with 23 and Switzerland with ten. In Germany there are seven mountain ranges and four in Slovenia. Liechtenstein has a group share.

The only four-thousand- and thus the highest mountain of the Eastern Alps is Piz Bernina at 4049 m. Thus, the Bernina Range is the highest of all the Eastern Alps groups. The following are the Ortler Alps with the Ortler ( 3905 m) as the highest mountain in South Tyrol. Third highest group is the Glockner group with the highest mountain in Austria: Grossglockner ( 3798 m). Another 22 groups reach a height of over 3000 meters. The only group in the northern Eastern Alps with a 3000 are the Lech Valley Alps with the Parseierspitze ( 3036 m). Over 2000 meters high are 39 groups. Seven of the groups exceed the height of 1000 meters. Only one group does not reach that mark, the Vienna Woods. Its highest mountain, the Schöpfl is only 893 meters high.