Alpine is a city in Brewster County in the U.S. state of Texas in the United States and the county seat ( county seat ).
The city is located in the northwest of the county, in West Texas, in the south is about 60 miles from Mexico, in the north about 90 miles from New Mexico away, bounded on the southwest by the Gulf of Mexico and has an area of 10.6 km ² without appreciable water surface.
The foundation stone of the city was laid in 1883 as Murphyville, which was renamed in 1888 in Alpine. In 1888 there were about a dozen houses, three saloons and a hotel. 1921 Sul Ross State Normal College was founded, the forerunner of the Sul Ross State University. In the early 1940s the Big Bend National Park was opened and placed under the parking area of the town.
In Alpine, there are seven different churches from seven different denominations. ( As of 2004).
The average income for a household in the city is 23,979 U.S. dollars, the average income for a family at $ 31,658. Males have a median income of $ 27,720 U.S. dollars to the women with an average of 19,575 U.S. dollars. The per capita income is 13,587 U.S. dollars. 20.9 % of the population and 15.5 % of families are below the poverty line (as of 2000).
The crime rate has an index of 99.2 points ( U.S. national average: 330.6 points, with higher scores mean higher crime ). 2002, there were eight assaults on persons, 30 burglaries, 41 thefts and 5 auto thefts.