Altmann of Passau

Altmann of Passau (* 1015 in Westphalia, † August 8, 1091 in Zeiselmauer, Lower Austria ) was a monastery founder and bishop of the diocese of Passau, who is venerated as a saint.


He was born 1013-1020, came from altsächsischem high nobility, visited the cathedral school of Paderborn and was later their manager. He was provost in Aachen, chaplain of the Emperor Henry III. and canons in Goslar.

In 1065 he became Bishop of Passau and began the reform of the clergy. He founded the Canons Regular of St. Nikola pins ( 1070) in Passau and Göttweig ( 1083 ) in Lower Austria, which was in 1094 converted into a Benedictine monastery.

He reformed the monasteries, St. Florian, Kremsmuenster, Melk and St. Pölten and left it there to build churches made ​​of stone.

1074 he announced the reform decrees of Pope Gregory VI .. In the Investiture Controversy he stood on the side of the Pope Gregory VII, took 1076 as well as the Salzburg Archbishop Gebhard von Helfenstein not the Diet of Worms in part and supported the anti-king Rudolf of Swabia. He was driven by supporters of Emperor Henry IV of Passau, which devastated 1077/1078 this city. The manorial rights over the city of Passau were lost, the king granted it to the used by him Viscount Ulrich. These should arrive until after the death of the viscount in 1099 again to the bishops.

Altmann took part in Rome at the Fast synods in 1079 and 1080. He was appointed papal vicar for Germany, won the Babenberg Margrave Leopold II for the Pope party. In 1085 he was deposed by the emperor as Bishop of Passau and mostly stayed on the territory of the Babenberg.

He died in Zeiselmauer and was buried in Göttweig. He is venerated as a saint, although no official canonization took place.


  • August 8