? Listen Alytus / i ( German, 18th Century: Alitten, Polish Olita ) is a city in southeastern Lithuania with about 70,000 inhabitants. It is the center of the southeastern part of the country ( Dzūkija ) and is situated some 90 km south-west of the state capital Vilnius on the Memel. The town lies about 50 per km from the borders with Poland and Belarus ( external EU border ).
For the first time the city was mentioned in 1377 in a chronicle of Wigand of Marburg as a regional center. 1581 the place of Stephen Báthory was awarded city rights by the Magdeburg law.
The spacious located in a loop of the river Memel in the style of a parking Alytus offers no significant tourist attractions. In the vicinity of the National Park Dzūkija and the spa are to name Druskininkai.
Alytus is a center of manufacturing industry. One of the most successful Lithuanian companies in the manufacturing industry - the refrigerator manufacturer Snaigė ( ' Snowflake ') - based in Alytus. Furthermore, here find chemical industry and the largest sparkling wine and spirits producers Alita.
In Alytus, there are some colleges. The nearest airport is Kaunas Airport.
The City Council consists of 27 members. They are distributed as follows among the various parties (December 2008):
Mayor is Česlovas Daugėla.
The twin cities of Alytus are
- Poland Opole in Poland, since 1993
- Poland Suwalki in Poland, since 1996
- Norway Mandal in Norway. since 1996
- Sweden Botkyrka in Sweden since 2000
- Poland Ostrołęka in Poland, since 2002
- Denmark Næstved in Denmark, since 2002
- France Rouen in France, since 2004
- Ukraine Berdychiv in Ukraine, since 2005
- Argentina San Martín in Argentina, since 2006
- Belarus Lida in Belarus, since 2007
- Russia Karelia Petrozavodsk Republic of Karelia (Russia), since 2007
- Poland Giżycko in Poland, since 2008
- Belarus Hrodna in Belarus, since 2009
- United States Rochester, New York (USA), since 2010
Sons and daughters
- Feliksas Bajoras ( b. 1934 ), composer
- Aivaras Baranauskas ( b. 1980 ), cyclist
- Žydrūnas Karčemarskas ( b. 1983 ), football goalkeeper
- Kestutis Daukšys (* 1960), Manager, Economy Minister
- Zvi Kolitz (1912-2002), journalist, writer and director
- Jurgis Kunčinas (1947-2002), writer, translator and specialist in German
- Arminas Lydeka ( b. 1968 ), political scientist, member of the Seimas
- Antanas Nedzinskas (* 1981), politician
- Tomas Pačėsas (born 1971 ), basketball player and coach
- Mindaugas Panka ( born 1984 ), football player
- Ričardas Piličiauskas (born 1969 ), judge
- Živilė Raudonienė (* 1982 ), fitness model, bodybuilder and wrestler
- Algimatas Vlada Stasiukynas (* 1944), Manager, Energy Minister of Lithuania
- Stasys Stačiokas (* 1937), constitutional lawyer, judge, member of the Seimas
- Gintaras Staučė (born 1969 ), football goalkeeper (67 games)
- Darvydas Šernas ( born 1984 ), football player.