Am Abend aber desselbigen Sabbats, BWV 42
In the evening but that sabbath ( BWV 42) is a church cantata by Johann Sebastian Bach. He composed it for the first Sunday after Easter, Quasimodogeniti and led them for the first time in Leipzig on April 8, 1725.
History and words
Bach wrote the cantata in Leipzig in 1725 for Sunday Quasimodogeniti. He had in his second cantata cycle since the first Sunday after Trinity 1724 exclusively composed chorale cantatas and also listed with BWV 4 at Easter 1725 chorale cantata, but after Easter he went with this cantata again about to lyrically freer cantata forms. It begins with an extended Sinfonia.
The prescribed readings for the Sunday were 1 Jn Jn 20.19-31 and 5.4 to 10 LUT LUT, the appearance of Jesus with the disciples in Jerusalem, first without, then with Thomas. The unknown librettist begins with verse 19 of the Gospel. As a set of 4, he used the first verse of the hymn Do not despair, O little flock (1632 ) by Jacob Fabricius, and as the final two stanzas, the us, Lord, were published by your word along with Luther's receipt renting graciously us peace, Luther German version of Da pacem Domine ( 1531) and Gib our princes and all'r authority, a verse of Johann Walter ( 1566), which goes back to 1 Tim 2.2 LUT and closes with Amen.
According to the Bible quote from the Gospel of John, the poet refers to in sentence 3 to a saying of Jesus from the Gospel of Matthew, "Where two or three are gathered in my name, there am I with them " Matthew 18:20 LUT.
Bach led the cantata in Leipzig at least twice, on April 1, 1731 and either on April 1, 1742 or on April 7 1743rd
Scoring and structure
The cantata is staffed with four soloists (soprano, alto, tenor and bass), four-part choir only in the final chorale, two oboes, bassoon, two violins, viola and basso continuo.
The reason for the economical use of the chorus may be the fact that he as nice in Holy Week and Easter by the cantata shines the morning star, BWV 1, the St. John Passion and the Easter cantata Christ lag in death bands, BWV 4, very stressed had been.
Probably took the introductory extensive Bach Sinfonia previously composed music. Alfred Dürr assumed an instrumental concert. It is a doppelchöriges "concerto a due cori ", in which the strings concerts with a concertino of the woodwinds oboe and bassoon. The middle section begins with a surprisingly vocal new motive for oboe and bassoon, the designated Bach himself with cantabile.
The Bible quote is sung in the tenor recitative as the Evangelist, accompanied by continuo in fast repetitive notes that perhaps the anxious heart of the disciples illustrate that keep hiding.
In Theorem 3, a designated adagio aria, the throbbing in bassoon remains, but the strings last chords, and the oboes play wide-spanned melodic lines. After Dürr submission could be the same as for the concert Sinfonia.
Bach composed the chorale text of Proposition 4 as a duet, accompanied only by continuo bassoon and. Parts of the usual chorale melody Come unto me, saith the Son of God sometimes seem to, but very ornate. The creek researcher Terry interpreted that the bassoon obbligato accompanied a chorale melody, which is not really heard, to show the concealment ( hiddenness ) of the church in the world.
The bass is preparing in a recitative that opens almost in a Arioso, the last aria before, which is accompanied by the divided violins and continuo. The theme is again the contrast between the restlessness of the world and peace in Jesus.
The two stanzas of the final hymn are set in four parts.
- Bach Made in Germany Vol 1 - Cantatas IV Günther Ramin, St. Thomas Boys Choir, the Gewandhaus Orchestra, Marianne Basner, Gerda Schriever, Gert Lutze, Otto Siegl. Berlin Classics, 1953.
- J. S. Bach: Cantatas No.. 42, no. 35 Hermann Scherchen, Vienna Academy Chamber Choir, Vienna Radio Orchestra, Teresa Stich - Randall, Maureen Forrester, Alexander Young, John Boyden. Westminster / Baroque Music Club, 1964.
- J. S. Bach: The cantatas - Sacred Cantatas Vol 3 Nikolaus Harnoncourt, Vienna Boys Choir, Chorus Viennensis, Concentus Musicus Wien, soloist of the Vienna Boys' Choir, Paul Esswood, Kurt Equiluz, Ruud van der Meer. Teldec, 1974.
- The Bach Cantata Vol 31, Helmuth Rilling, Gächinger Kantorei, Bach-Collegium Stuttgart, Arleen Augér, Julia Hamari, Peter Schreier, Philippe Huttenlocher. Hänssler, 1981.
- J. S. Bach: I had a lot of grief. Philippe Herreweghe, Collegium Vocale Gent, La Chapelle Royale, Barbara Schlick, Gérard Lesne, Howard Crook, Peter Kooij. Harmonia Mundi France, 1990.
- Bach Cantatas Vol 23: Arnstadt / Echternach. John Eliot Gardiner, Monteverdi Choir, English Baroque Soloists, Gillian Keith, Daniel Taylor, Charles Daniels, Stephen Varcoe. Soli Deo Gloria, 2000.
- J. S. Bach: Complete Cantatas Vol 14 Ton Koopman, Amsterdam Baroque Orchestra & Choir, Deborah York, Bogna Bartosz, Jorg Dürmüller, Klaus Mertens. Antoine Marchand, 2001.
- J. S. Bach: Cantatas Vol 36 ( Cantatas from Leipzig 1725). Masaaki Suzuki, Bach Collegium Japan, Yukari Nonoshita, Robin Blaze, James Gilchrist, Dominik Wörner. BIS, 2006.
- In the evening but that sabbath. Rudolf Lutz, choir and orchestra of the JS Bach Foundation, Ulrike Hofbauer, Irène Friedli, Bernhard Berchtold, Markus Volpert, Gallus Media, St. Gallen 2010