The Ambo (also Ambon, ἄμβων of Greek Ambon, summit ',' pulpit ', ἀναβαίνω to anabainō, ascend ') is in early Christian, Orthodox, Catholic and Lutheran churches, the increased place that from which the lector, deacon or priest biblical readings, including the gospel proclaimed. Also, the responsorial psalm and the Easter Proclamation ( Exsultet ) are recited at the ambo. While the priests and deacons of the ambo, the ordinary place for the sermon ( homily ), the bishops have the choice between the Chair and the ambo.
In the Lutheran churches the sermon is delivered by the pastor added from the pulpit.
The ambo comes from the Old Church, but came in the Middle Ages widely disuse. Instead, they used since then for the Bible reading often a lectern in the sanctuary and for preaching the pulpit in the nave.
In the course of the liturgical reform after the Second Vatican Council, there was a revival of the anvil in the Catholic church. The use of a separate location for the reading of the Holy Scriptures is to underline the importance of the word of God for the Christian community. In many churches today, one uses a monumentalised form of the lectern (often referred to himself as " Ambo "). Are rarer than the Ambo historic pulpits used.
" Table of the Word " is not an official designation of the anvil, but rather the pictorial expression of the liturgical proclamation of the word of God. A template for the exterior design of an anvil is therefore not given.
Ambo ( " table of the Word " ) and altar ( " table of the feast " ) are the central places of worship and in front of the apse.