American Film Institute
The American Film Institute (AFI ) is an independent, nonprofit U.S. organization that was established in 1965 by the National Endowment for the Arts to life in order to " drive the development of cinematic art including television in the United States and promote their to allow use as a medium of documentation of everyday culture and festive customs, to support knowledge and skills in dealing with cinema, television and video cameras to examine the effects of media on society, to allow access to the maximum possible extent in productions of American and global filmmaking and to serve by filing and processing of the appreciation of the audience, collecting the entire film production in the country to be recognized as national American heritage and to preserve ". The AFI is mainly financed by donations from companies and private individuals.
Since 1973, the organization gives the Life Achievement Award for his life's work of filmmakers and since 2001 the AFI Awards are awarded for each of the 10 best films and TV series of the year.
Great attention was paid to the following series of top lists, published by the American Film Institute since 1998 on the occasion of the 100th anniversary of American cinema:
- 6.1 Top 50 Heroes
- 6.2 Top 50 of the villains
100 Movies - The 100 best American films of all time
Note: The selection criteria which must be either "American" films are, very broadly interpreted by the AFI. So enough among other things an American financier or American stars, even if the film is otherwise a purely British production.
Compared to the list published in 1998, a total of 23 films new. Of The General ( position 18 ) has reached the highest placing. In addition, intolerance (49) and The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of (50 ) in the top fifty places.
Among the 23 new entries include three films that have come to the cinemas after the publication of the 1998 list. And Saving Private Ryan (1998), The Sixth Sense (1999) and The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship ( 2001).
In the 2007 version movies like Close Encounters of the Third Kind, Frankenstein, and ... because they know not what they do, however, is no longer included. Fargo (1996) and Dances with Wolves (1990 ) are recent films that also no longer in positions 1, - were able to place 100.
The 50 largest American film stars
Published on 16 June 1999
Top 25 of the male movie stars
Top 25 female movie stars
100 Laughs - The 100 best American comedies of all time
Published on 14 June 2000
100 Thrills - The 100 Best American Thrillers
Published on 12 June 2001
100 Passions - The 100 best American love stories of all time
Published on 11 June 2002
100 Heroes & Villains - The 100 Greatest Heroes and Villains in American film
Published in June 2003
Top 50 Heroes
Top 50 villains
100 Songs - America's best film songs
Published on 22 June 2004
100 Movie Quotes - The 100 best movie quotes from U.S. films of all time
Published on 21 June 2005
100 Years of Film Scores - America's Best Soundtrack
Published on 23 September 2005
100 Years ... 100 Cheers: America's Most Inspiring Movies
Published on 14 June 2006
100 Years of Musicals - The 25 most important American musical films
Published on September 3, 2006
10 Greatest Films in 10 Classic Genres - The 10 most popular films in 10 classic genres
On 17 June 2008, the top ten films were nominated in ten classic American film genres in a three-hour TV show on CBS. The most successful director is Alfred Hitchcock, whose films find themselves four times in the lists, followed by Steven Spielberg and Stanley Kubrick ( three each ). The most common emerging actor in the films listed are James Stewart ( 6 movies) and Diane Keaton (4).
The jury was made up of 1,500 members, including filmmakers, critics and historians. These selected from a list of 500 American productions (50 per genre) that were published before January 1, 2008. The selection was made after critical reception ( movie prices; recommendations in printed and digital media, and television), popularity ( economic success at the box office, station events on TV, DVD and VHS sales or - rental income ), historical significance (film historical highlighting feature by, for as a visionary narrative narrative structure or technological innovation ) and cultural significance ( Labelling of American society with regard to style and content).
Science fiction movies