Amga (rural locality)
Amga (Russian Амга; Yakut Амма / Amma ) is a village in the Republic of Sakha ( Yakutia) with 6533 inhabitants (as of October 14, 2010 ).
The settlement is located in the northeastern part of the Lena Plateau, approximately 175 line kilometers southeast of the capital of Republic of Yakutsk on the left bank of the same name Aldan Creek Amga, at the confluence of the Krestjach.
Amga is the administrative center of Ulus ( Rajons ) Amga.
The village was founded in 1652 by Russian Cossacks during their penetration to the east and is one of the oldest Russian settlements in Eastern Siberia. It was initially named after the river Amga - Sloboda Sloboda or Amga; the river name itself is derived from Evenki amnga for gorge, Sloboda is a common Russian name primarily for trade and artisan settlements. 1680 a first Russian Orthodox church was built, which burned down several times in a row and was rebuilt. From 1695 agriculture was operated in the area. Thus, the area was first farming area of Yakutia.
In the 19th century Amga was a political exile. Between 1879 and 1885, where he spent the Russian writer Vladimir Korolenko several years of his exile, from 1881 to 1886 the Narodowolze Ossip Aptekman.
In the Russian Civil War Amga and surroundings were the scene of fierce fighting between Red and White forces under Anatoli Pepeljajew.
Since 1911 was Amga administrative seat of Ulus; In 1930 it became the center of the Rajons same in the current boundaries (now again called Ulus ).
Note: Census data
Culture and sights
In Amga there since 1965 mainly the events of the Russian Civil War museum dedicated.
Economy and infrastructure
Amga is the center of an agricultural region with cattle and horses, as well as cultivation of potatoes and vegetables. There are some manufacturing companies for regional needs.
The town is the terminus of the regional road R502, located above the year-round connection to Nizhny Bestjach, on the highway M56 on the right bank of the Lena opposite Yakutsk, there. From Amga a winter road continues to Ust- Maya at the mouth of the Maya in the Aldan; there are vague plans to expand this for year-round operation and approximately along the ancient trade route Amgino - Ajanski tract ( Amga - Ajan tract) to Ajan to extend and to create a shortest possible connection between Zentraljakutien and Ochotskischem sea.
In Amga there is a jetty on the navigable Amga and a small airfield (no ICAO code, code УЕЕВ Russian ).