Amlach is a municipality with 388 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2013 ) in the district of Lienz, Tyrol ( Austria ). The municipality is located in the judicial district of Lienz.
- 3.1 Population structure
- 3.2 Demographics
- 4.1 Workplaces and Employees
- 4.2 Tourism
- 4.3 Transport and Infrastructure
- 4.4 Safety and Health
Amlach is located in the Val Pusteria. It lies at an altitude of 687 m on the right bank of the Drava River and covers an area of 22.5 km ². Neighboring municipalities are Leisach in the West, Lienz in the north, the east and Tristach Lesachtal (Carinthia ) in the south.
The community Amlach is congruent with the cadastral Amlach. The municipality is located on the right bank of the Drava River and covers an area of 22.5 km ². The municipal area, two villages, the nearer to the river Drava village Amlach to 689 meters above sea level and only a few hundred meters are located further east village Ulrichsbichl to 699 meters above sea level.
To Amlach includes parts of the Lienz Dolomites, the mountain floor of chalk fire ( 1,615 m ) and the Rauchkofel ( 1,910 m) to the village Amlach is closest and is preceded by the much higher main peaks of the Lienz Dolomites. Further south municipal district extends from Amlach from west to east to the Oberwalder Tower ( 2,612 m), the Spitzkofel ( 2,717 m), the Kühbodenspitze ( 2,704 m), the Santa Croce ( 2,694 m), the iron excess ( 2,615 m), the Weittalspitze ( 2,539 m), the Simon head ( 2,687 m), Teplice peak ( 2,613 m), the Gamswiesenspitze ( 2,486 m), the Bloßkofel (2,400 m) and the Rauchenbichl ( 2,180 m) approach. The Spitzkofel is with its 2717 meters the highest point in the municipality Amlach.
Amlach comprises despite its location on the banks of the Drava only small area share of the main river in East Tyrol. In addition, lying on the municipality two brooks, which in the Lienz Dolomites. These are the spade Bach and the Galitzenbach, himself the Hallenbach, the Kerschbaumertalbach, the Laserzbach and Blasbründl receives before it flows into the Drava. The Wierbach however, was derived from the Drava River and passed through Tristach back into the Drava River.
As in Amlach there is no station, lacking precise records of the climate of the community. However, it is comparable due to the proximity of the settlements to the weather station in the regional capital Lienz with the measured climate data there. The coldest month of the year in Lienz basin of January, the highest temperatures are measured in the summer months of July and August. The highest rainfall also fall in the summer months, the month of October is almost as rainy. Fog occurs rarely in Lienz basin, but are formed in the winter due to temperature inversions mighty cold air lakes.
The first mention Amlachs as " Amblach " can be found in 1169th Since the 13th century Amlach became the venue of courts in the surrounding communities. The local church to St. Ottilie was built in 1382. After the annexation of Austria to the "Third Reich " the church in 1939 was merged with Tristach. 1955 Amlach became independent again.
September 1, 2012, Amlach street names and its own ZIP code.
2012 lived 378 people in the community Amlach. According to the 2001 census the end 98.5% of the population were Austrian citizens (Tirol: 90.6 % ) until the beginning of 2012 the value dropped only slightly to 96.3 %. (Tirol: 83.4 %) to the Roman Catholic Church in 2001, 96.0 % of the population known, 2.5% had no religious affiliation.
The average age of the municipality 's population in 2001 was well below the national average. 22.5 % of residents of Amlach were younger than 15 years ( Tirol: 18.4%), 58.0 % from 15 to 59 years old (Tirol: 63.0 %). The percentage of residents over 59 stood at 19.4 % above the national average. The average age of the population of Amlach subsequently rose significantly. The proportion of under-15s fell by 1 January 2012 to 17.5%, while the share of people between 15 and 59 years rose to 66.9 %. The proportion of 59 -year-old, however, dropped to 15.6%. Marital status in 2001 49.1 % of the inhabitants of Amlach were single, 42.3 % married, widowed, 5.2% divorced and 3.2%.
The population of Amlach fluctuated greatly in the second half of the 19th century, but fell to the turn of the century by around 15 % from. However, from a low point in 1910 Amlach was able to increase its population almost successively, thus increasing the population more than doubled 1923-2012. The highest population growth was recorded Amlach here in the 1930s and 1970s and, since the 1990s. With the 2001 census, the municipality passed for the first time with 300 inhabitants mark and then the population began in 2007. Since then, the population of Amlach is slightly decreased. While the birth rate of the village is close to balance over the last decade, Amlach benefited from a positive migration balance.
Workplaces and employees
The study conducted as part of the Census Census of 2001 resulted in Amlach 15 workplaces with 85 employees (excluding agriculture ), where 76 % were salaried employees. The number of workplaces was compared to the year 1991 by three companies ( 20 %) increased thereby, increased the number of employees by as much as 34 people ( 40%). The most important industry was 2001, the hotel and restaurant industry with ten operations and 62 % of employment in the community, followed by the energy and water supply (28 % of employees). The establishment size, trade and commerce in the community Amlach was also very small. In 2001 there were only two companies with 20 or more employees. Of the 135 economically active population from Amlach 2001 only 20 people were in Amlach after their employment. 115 had to commute to work. Of the 75% of commuters had their place of work in the neighboring district capital Lienz. A further 16 % were found in the rest of the district area a job, an additional 4 % commuted to North Tyrol or in another state.
Tourism is an important income branch of Amlach community, with around 48,000 overnight stays were counted in tourism year 2011/12. In the summer half of 2012 saw Amlach 38 743, in the winter of 2011/12, 9,589 nights. This meant in the summer despite the small size of Amlach the tenth-largest number of overnight stays in the district, in the winter Amlach reached only 17th at the overnight stays in the district of Lienz. While the Winternächtigungszahlen reduced since the turn of the century by around 6 %, the number of overnight stays increased in summer by around 43%. Of the 38 743 nights in the summer of 2012 only 26 % were Austrians, 40 % of German, 16% Dutch, and 7% to Italians.
Today the community is one like all the other municipalities of East Tyrol East Tyrol tourist board, with Amlach is organized into the " holiday region Lienz Dolomites ". In the community exist alongside a four- star and a three star hotel, a number of private rooms, guesthouses, apartments and pensions.
Transport and Infrastructure
Amlach is from the Tristacher Lake Street ( L 319 ) traverses the B 100 begins in Lienz at the Drau valley road and is passed over Amlach and Ulrichsbichl to Tristacher lake.
With the neighboring communities of the Lienz basin is Amlach has to come together " Abwasserverband Lienz valley ". The wastewater from the municipalities pruified the treatment plant Doelsach, serves as its receiving the Drava. Already at the beginning of the 21st century, the canal construction was completed in its entirety and reached a terminal level of 100% at the treatment plant. The waste produced in the community, is disposed of in the Waste Management Association East Tyrol ( AWVO ).
In 1988 the Tyrolean Hydropower AG built on Amlacher municipality a hydroelectric power plant. This uses with the help of a pressure tunnel the natural fall of the river Drava at this point. Water which flows through a drop distance of 370 m, consisting of two drives each with a Francis turbine and an associated generator generator sets which achieve a combined output of 60 MW and an annual production of 219 GWh rule.
Safety and health
Regarding the health Amlach is organized jointly with the municipalities Ainet, Leisach, Tristach, Oberlienz, Gaimberg, Schlaiten and St. Johann im Walde in Sozialsprengel Lienz country. In Health Care Ward for example health services such as nursing assistance, home and home help and meals are organized on wheels.