The Andaman Sea (including Andaman Sea, Andaman Sea, Hindi: अंडमान सागर, burmese မုတ္တမ, Thai: ทะเล อันดามัน, Indonesian and Malaysian According Andaman ) is a marginal sea of the eastern Indian Ocean, the coast of Myanmar, Thailand, Malaysia and the Indonesian island Sumatra is formed. The Indian Union Territory of Andaman and Nicobar borders the Andaman Sea from the west to the Bay of Bengal. In the south it is connected by the Strait of Malacca to the South China Sea.
Overall, the Andaman Sea stretches from the river delta of the Irrawaddy ( Irrawaddy, Ayeyarwady ) in the north to almost 1,200 km to the entrance of the Straits of Malacca. In the west it borders the Cocos Islands, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, it will invest up to 650 km wide. Its area is 797,700 km ². The coast of Thailand is only about 740 km long.
The measured maximum depth is 4,180 m. The average depth is 870 meters. The water temperature at the surface varies slightly from 27.5 ° C in winter to 30 ° C in summer.
The Andaman Sea represents a backarc basin, which was formed upon impact of the Indian plate to the Eurasian plate. On the seabed of the Andaman Sea extending in a north-south direction, a tectonic fault zone between the Burma plate to the west and the Sunda plate to the east. There are several islands of volcanic origin. Barren Iceland is the only among them, which has an active volcano.
On December 26, 2004 as a result of a violent tsunami, the islands and the coasts were devastated by a massive tsunami, in which at least 230,000 people were killed.