Andrea Pozzo

Andrea Pozzo (also: puteus and Pozzi, born November 30, 1642 TrentoAugust 31, 1709 in Vienna) was an Italian painter and architect who is known for his trompe l'oeil dome frescoes.


Andrea Pozzo was a lay brother of the Jesuits and was the leading theorist of illusionistic painting of his time, his treatise from the perspective of a painter and architect ( Perspectivae pictorum et Architectorum ) has been widely rezipiert.

From 1702 he was at the invitation of Emperor Leopold I in Vienna. It is known especially his apparent dome in the Jesuit Church (1703). Also from 1703 comes his sham Dome in the church Badia delle Sante Flora e Lucilla in the Tuscan town of Arezzo. For the Prince of Liechtenstein, he also painted her garden palace in the Roßau, but died before he could complete more than the frescoes in the Hercules Hall ( the local big hall).

The rest of his work includes, among others, the perspective frescoes in the Roman Church of St. Ignatius, the Baroque altar in the main church of the Jesuits in Rome, Il Gesù, and the draft of the Cathedral of St. Nicholas in Ljubljana ( Stolnica ). It is believed that Pozzo also designed the facade of the Jesuit churches of Santa Maria Maggiore in Trieste.

Typical of his style are strong perspective foreshortening, the quadrature painting captures a large space - in contrast to, for example, Sebastiano Ricci, instead of working with an extremely low angle.

Andrea was the biological brother of the renowned architect, sculptor and painter Fra Giuseppe di San Antonio Pozzo, Jacopo Antonio Pozzo.