After graduation, she completed a science teacher training program at the Christian -Albrechts -University of Kiel and then worked as a teacher at several high schools in Kiel. From 1985 to 1992 she was head of the Freiherr- vom- Stein-Schule in Kiel- Elmschenhagen.
Since 1978 Angelika Volquartz is a member of the CDU. From 1993 to 2003 she was chairman of the CDU district association Kiel. She is a member of the State Executive Committee of the Schleswig-Holstein CDU and belongs since 2000 to the CDU Federal Board.
From 1990 to 1992 she was a member of the Kiel council. Since 1992 she was a member of the Landtag of Schleswig -Holstein, until she was elected to the German Bundestag in 1998. She was there one of the few MPs who fully released their income. Your seat in the Bundestag she resigned after the election for Mayor. On March 16, 2003, she was the successor of Norbert Gansel (SPD ) mayor of the Schleswig-Holstein state capital Kiel. In her tenure, administrative reform, the expansion of child care and the decision not to expand the airport Holtenau.
On March 15, 2009, she was defeated at the desired re-election Kiel Lord Mayor of the Spokesperson of the Ministry of Finance, Torsten Albig (SPD ), in the first round with 41.2 to 52.1 percent of the vote.
Volquartz is married and has one daughter. She lives in Kiel.