Anglican Church of Canada

The Anglican Church of Canada is a member church of the Anglican Communion in Canada, with more than 800,000 members, the third largest church in Canada. It consists of 30 dioceses - the Diocese of Cariboo there is currently inactive in the " Central Interior " region of British Columbia and is managed by a suffragan of the Archbishop of British Columbia & the Yukon - which are divided into four ecclesiastical provinces. Primate of the Anglican Church of Canada is Fred Hiltz, the 2007 was Bishop of Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island from 1 March 2002 to 20 September. Highest authority is the General Synod, which meets every three years.

The 2001 census revealed that identify 2.04 million residents of Canada as Anglicans. These are 6.9% of the total population. In the province of Ontario alone lived 985 110 Anglicans.

Official name of the Anglican Church of Canada

The current name of the church was adopted in 1955. Until then, the church "The Church of England in Canada" was called. In French, the name of the church since 1989 l' Église Anglicane du Canada. Between 1977 ( the canonical church law until 1983 have been adjusted accordingly ) and 1989 it was officially called in French " l' Église Episcopale du Canada ".

History

Origins of the Anglican Church in North America UK

The first cleric of the still pre-Reformation English Church were chaplains who accompanied the expedition of John Cabot in 1497. Among North American Loyalists who fled after the American Revolution to Canada, were very many Anglicans, and was the membership of the Anglican Church were not characteristic chosen for the ruling elite in the British colonies in North America in the period when the colonial governments of a colonial Parliament ( until about 1848). Until the 1830s the Anglican Church in Canada was part of the Church of England bishops were appointed in England and priests were sent from there, and also the financing of the church was used by the British Parliament. The first Canadian synods came together in the 1850s, bringing the Canadian church received a certain degree of autonomy. 1861, as a result of the decision of the judicial committee of the Privy Council Long v. Gray, all Anglican churches were autonomous in colonies of the British Empire. Nevertheless, the first general synod for all of Canada was held until 1893. There, Robert Machray was elected as the first primates.

20th century

In the first part of the 20th century fostered the ACC its traditional role as a church establishment, although there were also influences from the increasingly also in Canada rooted Social Gospel movement, and also the Christian socialism of parts of the Church of England came to Canada to express. These influences resulted in 1958 in the creation of something that would be later than Primate 's World Relief and Development Fund known. In the late 1960s change was faster than Mainline Churches felt the first wave of members shrinkage and acceptance of the church attendance. Ecumenical relations were intensified, with the goal of full communion.

Structure

The supreme body of the church is the General Synod, which meets every three years and is composed of laity, clergy and bishops from each of the 30 dioceses.

Cathedral

Most Anglican cathedrals in Canada are modest parish churches, with the exception of the cathedrals of Toronto, Halifax, St. John's and Victoria, have larger dimensions or impressive architecture, although even these are rather modest by the standards of Europe, or even Australian standards. Diocesan functions are therefore often held in Roman Catholic and United Church of Canada church buildings because of the limited number of seats in most Anglican cathedrals. Christ Church Cathedral in Ottawa, although it has no national designation as Washington National Cathedral has, yet is the usual location for state occasions, to be held in the church environment, such as State funerals for non -Roman Catholics.

Primates

  • Robert Machray (1893-1904)
  • William B. Bond (1904-1906)
  • Arthur Sweatman (1907-1909)
  • Samuel Pritchard Matheson (1909-1931)
  • Clarendon Lamb Worrell (1931-1934)
  • Derwyn Trevor Owen (1934-1947)
  • George Frederick Kingston (1947-1950)
  • Walter Barfoot (1950-1959)
  • Howard Clark (1959-1971)
  • Ted Scott (1971-1986)
  • Michael Peers (1986-2004)
  • Andrew Hutchison (2004-2007)
  • Frederick James Hiltz (since 25 June 2007)

Dioceses

de