A prayer is in a general sense recollection, attention ( " attentio " ) or sympathy. In the religious sense, it refers to the spiritual collection of thoughts in prayer and a short service, which is especially devoted to prayer.
Devotional called both a " religious contemplation " as well as a prayer service. It has been proven in Old High German anathāht in the 10th century, Middle High German andāht for ' thinking of something, attention, devotion ' as an abstract form to Old High German anathenken ' think about something ' in the 9th century. The religious reference as ' turning to God ' was predominantly in the Middle High German of the 12th century and was preserved ( for ' attention ' aandacht ) in the Lower High German, unlike in the Netherlands. At the same time, the more general sense as ' devotion, recollection ' evolved from this use out. The adjective devout is ' taken, lost, devotedly ', derived from the Old High German anathāhtīg in the 11th century, as well as Middle High German andæhtec ' an etw thinking, remembering, devoutly '.
Devotional called in the Christian sense the spiritual devotion ( " devotio " ) in the Triune God and the concrete form in which this spiritual collection takes place. Especially in the Roman Catholic Church are devotions that frame a particular form of prayer in use. Examples of this are in the course of the liturgical year Calvary devotions, Fast devotions, devotions or rosary devotions. A prayer is often at the beginning or at the end of a day ( "release " ), as well as year-end closing prayer at the end of a calendar year.
Here, as in Protestant Christianity, but gain freer forms, up to the week devotional, important. Combinations of prescribed forms of prayer and free configurations are possible. A common form of prayer is meditation, in a word, image or object is the starting point for quiet reflection. Devotions can be held by both individual believers and groups, in churches and outside. They are often organized kasuell and can also occur, for example in schools or hospitals, as well as the radio. Leading a prayer is not reserved to a priest - even within the church building, each of the pastor of the congregation appointed to that layman lead a prayer.