Anguilla ( for " eel " Spanish) is one of the Windward Islands of the Lesser Antilles in the Caribbean. Along with several small uninhabited coral islands forms Anguilla an overseas territory of the United Kingdom.
South of Anguilla is the island of St. Martin, to the west are nearly 200 miles away, the Virgin Islands and about 300 km from Puerto Rico.
Anguilla is a flat, low-lying island of coral and limestone. The highest point at 65 meters is Crocus Hill.
The climate is tropical, tempered by easterly winds. With hurricanes and other tropical storms can be expected from July to October. The supply of drinking water can not always keep pace with the rising demand.
The area of the island is almost 91 km ². The largest islands are side Scrub Iceland in the North East with around 3 km ² and Dog Iceland with about 2 square kilometers northwest of Anguilla. In addition there are over 20 small islets and cays such as the Prickly Pear Cays, off the southwest tip of Anguilla Anguillita, Little Scrub Iceland and 55 km north- westernmost island of Sombrero. Together, the overseas territory has an area of about 96 km ².
Anguilla has about 13,000 inhabitants. 29% are Anglican, 23.9 % Methodist, 7.7% Pentecostal, 7.6% Adventists of the seventh day, 7.6 % members of the Church of God, Baptist 7.3%, 5.7 % Catholic, 0, 7% Jehovah's Witnesses, Rastafarians 0.7%, 0.5% and 0.4 % evangelicals Hindus. 4% profess no religious affiliation ( 2001 census )
The majority of the population is made of blacks and mulattos.
Cave paintings and archaeological finds indicate a several millennia long presence of the Arawak on the island.
In colonial times, the island was sighted on Columbus' second voyage, although she was actually colonized but only from 1650 through coming from Saint Christopher Brits - especially Irish settled here. For a time the French tried though, to take possession of Anguilla, but did not succeed. Until the 19th century the island as a British colony of Great Britain was administered directly to 1825 in a restructuring this was merged with that of St. Kitts and Nevis St. Christopher from a managed unit. Since the population of Anguilla disadvantaged saw the needs of their island, they requested in 1872 and again in 1958 in unsuccessful petitions detachment from this unit.
That same year, St. Christopher -Nevis - Anguilla became one of the provinces of the short-lived West Indies Federation. As this was disbanded in 1962, Saint Christopher- Nevis - Anguilla became an Associated State, an Associated with the UK government. In the spring of 1967, the dissatisfaction of the people of Anguilla made with this situation air: The duty to Anguilla police officers employed by St. Christopher from the island were expelled and a referendum conducted in the exit from the composite was decided. As this is not the desired success - an assumption of Anguilla under direct British administration - led, it declared itself independent in 1969 by the Austrian economist Leopold Kohr intitiative and a group of supporters also of Britain. This was not recognized by the United Kingdom; Instead, it sent troops to Anguilla - have been warmly welcomed.
In the following negotiations Anguilla was finally promised a future separation in the Anguilla Act of 1971; but it took until the 19th of December 1980 until the Anguilla Act of 1980 then formally took place. Anguilla was granted the status of a British Dependent Territory, British overseas territories for whose international relations the United Kingdom. The 1982 constitution enshrining the current political structure.
Anguilla is a non- sovereign British overseas territory with internal autonomy - as such, it is associated with the EU. Moreover, Anguilla is an associate member of the Caribbean Community and a member of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States. It belongs to the makers of the University of the West Indies.
The jurisdiction of the Governor as representative of the British crown extends primarily to issues of defense, foreign and international financial policy and internal security (including the police). The governor is the British monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II used.
Anguilla autonomy Government Executive Council consisting of the Prime Minister ( Chief Minister ), a maximum of three other ministers and, ex officio, the Deputy Governor and the Attorney General ( Attorney General ).
At least every five years, selects the voting age population of Anguilla a Parliament ( House of Assembly ), the next seven elected members, two nominated by the Governor members and, ex officio, the Deputy Governor ( Deputy Governor ) and the Attorney General ( Attorney General ) belong.
The road network is 105 km long, 65 km of which attached. The island has two harbors: Blowing Point, Road Bay.
There is an airport: Anguilla Wall Blake ( ICAO: TQPF; IATA: AXA)
Moreover, since 1996, is located on Anguilla a transmitting station for international broadcasting with the name " Caribbean Beacon ". It broadcasts locally on VHF and internationally on two medium and short wave frequencies religious of the U.S. " University Networks " or programs, " Dr. Gene Scott ". The shortwave stations can be received in good quality and in Europe often, while the central shaft is occasionally heard in the winter months from receipt specialists.
Anguilla has few natural resources. The economy is highly dependent on luxury tourism, overseas banking ( offshore banking ), lobster and payments by emigrants.
The increasing tourism, which inspires the construction sector, has contributed to economic growth. Anguillanische officials have their main focus on the development of the small but growing tax haven finance.
In the meantime, the hopes of the economy rest largely on tourism.
The national football team of Anguilla was invited to the 2006 World Cup to Bad Neustadt in Germany, even though they had not qualified for the finals. She was invited as a sign of hospitality within the FIFA family, since they at the time of the World Cup was the weakest team in the prior official FIFA world rankings.