Locomotion, also called locomotion, more generally, the active movement of biological individuals (living ) as a change of place. Is distinguished from the locomotion both the motor, the movement of the organism in itself (see a Lokomotorik ) and the taxis, the movement of certain body axes.
In biology describes the movement of an individual active movement from place to place, driven by suitable movement of a limb or other anatomical parts. Forms of locomotion, for example, running, walking, climbing, hanging, crawling, swimming, and ( in some animals ) flies. Important forms of locomotion are about bipedalism ( bipedal gait ) and Quadrupedie ( quadrupedal gait ). Human locomotion with aids happens when riding, driving and flying.
With the physical activity of people is concerned the general kinesics.
Locomotion is currently one of the most studied research fields of bionics. Numerous Lokomotionsformen are currently being investigated. The flapping flight of birds is not yet fully understood. For unmanned flying drones this form of locomotion is very interesting. Drones have insects as a model, would be extremely agile and could inaccessible places (eg houses) reach. If a large bird chosen as a model, so drones could be constructed with extreme energy efficiency. Fish can be role models for energy-saving diving robot ( submarines). Here, too, the nature of several ways: Tuna fish are extremely fast, but the maneuverability is relatively low. Coral reef -dwelling fish have a low rate, but a high degree of maneuverability ( they must be able to pass swim well between the corals). Depending on the desired technical application, an appropriate model to be used.