The Metro Ankara ( Turkish: Ankara Metrosu, short metro) is the underground railway system in the Turkish capital and operating since 1996. The network which is in construction for several years was from 1997 until February 2014 of two lines that meet at Kızılay Square. Opened on February 14, the M3 line is an extension of the M1 west of Batikent. Then the line was put into operation in March 2014 M2 connecting the Kızılay Square to the southwestern suburb Cayyolu. So there are currently four lines M1, M2, M3 and Ankaray. This year, the under construction lines M4 is to be opened after the official schedule, which is already ready built largely. However, the schedules have already been postponed several times in the past.
- 7.1 Billets
- 7.2 Fares
Development of Ankara for ' underground city '
As was thought in the 1990s, the construction of a subway system, was one of the Turkish capital 2.5 million citizens. Until then, only one operated by the State Railways TCDD S -Bahn line existed (see Banliyö Trenleri ) that crossed the city in east-west direction, linking the past to the track suburbs with the central station. The urban public transport on the highways exclusively with urban buses, the fine distribution within the district with so-called dolmus - so typical in Turkey minibuses - settled. In addition, the traffic started to increase rapidly, which the then poor air quality and traffic chaos intensified rapidly.
1990, the municipality to build a first metro route. The line with the name Ankaray ( acronym from Ankara and ' ray ', the Turkish word for rail) was opened in 1996. This followed a construction period of four years. Since then, the population of the Turkish capital has almost doubled. Also, after four years of construction 1997, second metro route took under the name Ankara Metrosu to their service. In the course of the current structural expansion of the network of Ankara Metrosu the line is now referred to as M1.
Metro and Ankaray
Both the mid-1990s opened routes are complete metros. The Ankaray line is no light rail, since they, like the M1, junction -free and completely independent of the other rail traffic, separated from the road and is almost exclusively in the tunnel. Thus, both lines are expanded in full metro standard. The two lines are still two technically incompatible systems, ie that replacement of the vehicles used between the lines is not possible. Similar metro networks from two different systems with respect to power and gauge are made in London and Berlin.
Construction of new lines on ' Metro - standard '
Since the other two located in Ankara in building metro lines are built according to the standards of the Metro, the Metro was renamed M1. The other lines are called analogous to M2 and M4. In contrast, the Ankaray line retains its name. There are therefore by the looming large expansion of the urban rail network in Ankara continues three different networks. The lines of the Metro, Ankaray and the S-Bahn.
The Ankaray line connects the central for domestic long distance bus distance Bus Station ASTI (Ankara Şehirlerarası terminal İşletmesi ) to the east of the town center district Dikimevi. In the eastern third of the eleven stations counted route passes through the central square Kızılay. There is a transitional option for M1 metro line. The Ankaray - line is completely separate from übrigem rail and road traffic. The station Emek is located above ground, but built over a train station. Otherwise, the entire route is underground. The power supply is achieved by side on the track mounted power rail. Hourly 25,000 passengers can be transported in each direction.
Between the central Kızılay Square and the north-western district Batikent the wrong metro line M1. At the 14.6 km long route there are 12 stations. At 6.5 km, the route runs in the tunnel and to 3.2 km, elevated train on a viaduct. The remaining 4.9 km run in the incision. Also, the above-ground part of the route runs independently from the traffic.
At peak times trains of six cars ( two units). At times of less traffic driving single three-car units. The train sets used 36 on the M1 are able to convey in each direction per hour per direction 70,000 passengers. The trains on the line M1 operate driverless.
The new M2 ( popularly known by its western destination station Cayyolu Metrosu ) runs from the city center under the big boulevards, the İsmet İnönü Bulvarı and the Dumlupınar Bulvarı, first west, then south-west in the municipality Cayyolu. The route is 16.5 km long and has eleven stations. The average distance between stations is 1.5 km away. Interchanges are made to the M1 in Kızılay, where M2 has its eastern end, and in Söğütözü to Ankaray line.
The line M3 ( popularly known by its northern destination station as Sincan Metrosu called ) extends from the M1 Batikent station in a northwesterly direction Sincan. It runs mostly north of the road Ayaş Yolu ( Ayaş -Ankara - Bulvarı ). The line will move to 12 stations and has a length of 15.3 km; of which 2.6 km underground and 5.39 km run on a viaduct a viaduct. The rest of the route is on a separate sämtlichem of other road and rail traffic at ground level track body. The average distance between stations is 1.5 km away. The M3 line is used to connect the northwest of the city on both sides of the motorway ring Ankara O -20 district located to the M1. The line was opened on February 12, 2014 The M3 construction project was realized by the Spanish company Comsa Emte in cooperation with its Turkish partner Açilim Insaat. ; Both companies are currently building to another subway line for line M2, which is to be completed according to the official plan later this year. The Chinese railway engineers CSR Zhuzhou delivered the 342 made of stainless steel metro cars.
Vehicles and track
The track gauge is on two subway lines 1435 mm ( standard gauge ).
On the M1 operate vehicles of the Canadian wagon type Hawker H6. Trains in Ankara are a modification of the almost identical H6 trains, which are used in the metro Toronto. The vehicles were manufactured until the early 1990s by Bombardier. The structure is made of riveted stainless steel and available in gray color. To the window to an orange stripe draws. At each car on both sides each with four inputs. In the three-car units are the first and third car railcar, the average car does not have a drive.
The metro trains used on the Ankaray line were built by Italian car manufacturer AnsaldoBreda in Naples in cooperation with Siemens. Only one of the three-car units has a motor ( railcar ), the other two cars are not driven ( sidecar ). The cars are white with orange applications around the windows.
The trains for the new under construction metro routes are built by CSR in China.
Tariff system and fares
For Ankaray, Metro and the city bus system of the EGO a uniform tariff system applies. This makes the transfer between road and rail-mounted public transport more attractive, especially because the urban buses often take a shuttle function for metro system.
The tickets (Turkish ' bilet ' ) of paper have a magnetic stripe that can be read on the access barriers of the stations. Each ticket entitles the passenger transport Tariff association selectable up to 75 minutes to use in each direction. In this case, a maximum of three Umstiege are possible. For students, pensioners and state employees there are perks.
Billets in the units listed are sold in the EGO - city buses, at ticket vending machines, switches and customer centers.
The trains on the Ankaray and the M1 metro line run every day 18 hours a day between 6 and 24 clock clock.
Metro and Ankaray are in Ankara in the public sector. Operators are bound to city council and city administration Stadtwerke ( EGO), the ' Electrical Gaz Otobüs Genel Müdürlüğü ' ( German: General Directorate of Electricity, Gas and buses ).
For nearly five million inhabitants metropolis such as the Ankara metro network is still rather poor. In August 2001, therefore, the construction of three additional lines was begun. V.A. the growing suburbs, resulting for the most part on the outskirts populous large housing estates with high-rise buildings, should be effectively connected by public transport to the center. Travel times, the last with the existing city bus for over an hour, would be thus partly reduced to more than half. In August 2013, started on the routes being expanded testing.
Expansion of state
The ongoing construction work is not yet complete, although the completion of the lines was already expected in 2009. The Turkish Minister of Transport Binali Yıldırım gave in February 2012 to the press bakannt that after a new schedule lines M2 and M3 in October 2013 and the line M4 April 2014 will start operating. 324 trainsets to be purchased to do so. The expansion rested due to financial difficulties and unclear division of responsibilities last until then taken the lead of the project and the financing of the city council and the national Ministry of Transport had been passed.
The line M4
In is currently under construction, the line M4, which is also known as Keçiören Metrosu. The 10.5 km long metro line has eleven stations and an average station spacing of 1.07 km. The M4 has its origin at the Tandoğan Ankaray station and crosses at the Ataturk Cultural Centre with the M1. She then runs to the west of the boulevard Kazim Karabekir Caddesi Fatih Caddesi and north to Dutluk. From here, it makes a bend to the west to its terminus Gazino.
The Ankaray extension
Made to expand the Ankaray network plans since the year 2000. The following extension options are under discussion:
- Northwest from Maltepe to Etlik over a length of 5.7 km
- Of Kurtulus northeast after Hasköy over a length of 4 km
- Of Dikimevi southeast to Doğukent over a length of 7.7 km
Data for a start of construction are not yet known for these three extensions. A to be realized in the course of the extension of the subway network of Metro -M - lines project is the southern expansion of the Ankaray line from the bus station ASTI for the M2 line.
Complement of the U- Bahn network with a line M5 to the international airport
On April 13, 2013, the Minister of Transport called Binali Yıldırım announced that the city will build the construction of a metro line from the line M4 from the airport Esenboğa. The planning of the route will be done the end of 2013. The construction of the 20 km route will probably take place until 2014. The airport is not connected to the U or S-Bahn system and currently only accessible by buses.