Anna Hyatt Huntington
Anna Hyatt Huntington ( born March 10, 1876 in Cambridge, Massachusetts as Anna Vaughn Hyatt, † October 4, 1973 in Redding Ridge, Redding, Connecticut ) was an American sculptor who mainly on the production of heroic equestrian statues and sculptures of animals ( pets and wild animals) specialized.
Life and work
She was born as the third child and youngest daughter of Audella Beebe Hyatt and the zoologist Alpheus Hyatt in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Her father encouraged her early interest in animals, especially in horses, and she learned from him their behaviors. Her mother supported her husband in his research publications by drawing sketches and diagrams for his books. In addition, it operated landscape painting as a hobby.
Anna Hyatt Huntington was first fixed on a career as a violinist. For their desire as a musician she practiced eight hours a day on the violin. 1895 came with a request for help to her sister Harriet Hyatt, who prepared portraits and figures in clay, to rethink. For her sister, she modeled a group of dogs. The work was successfully sold after completion. Encouraged by this, the two sisters worked closely together. Harriet Hyatt taught her the basics of modeling. Anna was responsible for the preparation of the animal groups; Harriet took care of the people. In 1900 she had her first solo exhibition in the Boston Arts Club. In the same year she made her first major work on: Two German mastiffs of blue granite for a wealthy Boston merchant.
She studied with her sister with the sculptor Henry Hudson Kitson in Boston. After her father died in 1902, she went to work in New York City and studied under Hermon Atkins MacNeil at the Art Students League of New York sculpture. During this time she also worked for the sculptor Gutzon de la Mothe Borglum John and lived and worked together with Abastenia St. Leger Eberle. For their observations in animals, they often went to the Bronx Zoo.
Between 1906/1907 and 1910/1911 she traveled to England, Italy ( Naples) and France ( Paris), created for the city of Blois in France, the equestrian statue of Joan of Arc, for which they with the highest and most prestigious Order of France, the Knights Legion of Honour, was excellent. In between, she returned in 1909 to the United States back.
At the age of 47 years, on March 10, 1923, she married the wealthy philanthropist Archer Milton Huntington, the adopted son of Collis Potter Huntington. They lived in the present building of the National Academy of Design on Fifth Avenue and Eighty- ninth Street in New York City and moved over the winter in the Atalaya Castle, which is still today at the Huntington Beach State Park near Murrells Inlet is located. With her husband she went to travel a lot, including to North Africa. Anna Hyatt Huntington in 1927 fell ill with tuberculosis. Even after her illness she allowed herself no hiatus so that they approximately to 1937 was carrying around this infectious disease with them.
1930 bought her husband, Archer Milton Huntington, the site of the later they founded Brookgreen Gardens sculpture garden between Murrells Inlet ( Georgetown County) and the City of Myrtle Beach in South Carolina. He is the first sculpture park in the United States. Originally the site was intended as a winter home of the couple. Because of the disease by Anna Hyatt Huntington, they were in search of a warmer climate and bought a plot of land in Redding (Connecticut). The park includes nowadays statues and sculptures by American artists from the 19th and 20th centuries. Among other works by Anna Hyatt Huntington, Daniel Chester French and Frederic Remington. At the same time, the garden is a sanctuary for native plants and animals.
In 1932 she bought with her husband, a 320 -acre wooded estate in Newport News, Virginia and opened the Mariners' Museum, which is today considered one of the largest maritime museums there.
Archer Milton Huntington died in 1955 after a long illness at the age of eighty-five years. Anna Hyatt Huntington lived and worked until her death on October 4, 1973 on the common ranch in Redding. She was a member of the National Academy of Design and the National Sculpture Society.
A selection of her works:
- Two equestrian statues of Jeanne d' Arc: In Blois (France) and at Riverside Park ( Manhattan)
- Equestrian statue of Cuban National Hero's José Martí: Before Central Park (New York City )
- Equestrian statue of the U.S. American General Israel Putnam: In the park named after him Putnam Memorial State Park in Redding, Connecticut
- Three equestrian statues of the Castilian knight El Cid: In Balboa Park ( San Diego ); front of the Museum Hispanic Society of America (New York City) and in front of the Art Museum California Palace of the Legion of Honor (San Francisco)
- Horse Trainer in Balboa Park
- The Torch Bearers in front of the Complutense University of Madrid
- Two of her animal sculptures in front of the Collis Potter Huntington was named after Collis P. Huntington State Park in Redding:
Animal sculpture of howling wolves