As annates (Latin, annual yield ') were in the 13th - 15th Century the delivery of the whole, and later of the first half the annual income of a newly occupied Church Office ( a sinecure ) to the Pope called. Since the 15th century were as annates any expenses occasioned by the replacement of a benefice taxes to the Roman Curia, for it represented one of the major revenue, including servitia ( fees to the Cardinals and the firm ) referred. During the Reformation, this linking of Office ceremony and takings was heavily criticized at the councils. Nevertheless annates are partly still common in Italy.