Annelie Ehrhardt began her athletic career on May 1, 1961, the inclusion in the sports boarding Halberstadt. In 1966 she achieved in the Children 's and Youth with victory over 80 m hurdles their first major success. In 1966 she joined the sports boarding the SC Magdeburg and was the second time Spartakiadesiegerin. When SCM she later coached at Klaus Wübbenhorst. At the European Junior Games 1968 in Odessa to Annelie Jahns won her first international title and two years later she married the canoeists Manfred Ehrhardt. Already in 1971, won Annelie Ehrhardt at the European Championships silver medal in the 100 meter hurdles, in 1974 the gold medal followed. In the XX. 1972 Summer Olympics in Munich, she won the gold medal in the inaugural as an Olympic discipline 100 - meter hurdles in the world and Olympic record time of 12.59 s in front of the Romanian Valeria Bufanu (Silver) and also East Germans Karin Balzer (Bronze ). She was thus the first woman to win an Olympic gold medal in this discipline. At a size of 1.66 m, they had a competition weight of 58 kg.