Anneliese Maier

Anneliese Maier ( born November 17, 1905 in Tübingen, † December 2, 1971 in Rome, Italy) was a German philosopher with a focus on the history of science.


Anneliese Maier was the daughter of the philosopher Heinrich Maier (1867-1933) and his wife Anna, born Sigwart (1870-1953), daughter of the philosopher Christoph von Sigwart. She studied after high school in Heidelberg from 1923 to 1930 philosophy, physics and mathematics at the University of Berlin. In 1930 she was in Berlin his doctorate under Eduard Spranger and Wolfgang Köhler with her ​​doctoral dissertation on Kant's categories of quality. For political reasons ( the Nazi regime ) it was denied a habilitation.

She initially worked for the Prussian Academy of Sciences in the Leibniz - Edition. In 1936, she traveled for archive searches to Rome. She worked there from 1939 with a grant from the DFG at the Bibliotheca Hertziana which was then called Kaiser- Wilhelm- Institute for Art and Cultural Studies, starting in 1943 as an assistant.

In 1951 she was awarded the title of professor at the University of Cologne and in 1954 she became a scientific member of the Max Planck Society. Maier was a corresponding member of the Academies of Sciences in Mainz ( 1949), Göttingen (1962 ) and Munich ( 1966). In 1966 her the George Sarton Medal of the History of Science Society has been awarded for their achievements in the history of science, the most prestigious award in this area.

The daughter of a Protestant home converted to Catholicism in 1943 and 1956 was a member of the Roman Campo Santo Brotherhood since December 8. After her unexpected death on December 2, 1971 she was buried four days later in the Campo Santo Teutonico in a tomb of the Confraternity. The grave speech was Bernhard Hanssler.

Anneliese Maier price

Since 2011, the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation grants a named according to their scientific award, the Anneliese Maier price ..

Works (selection)

  • Kant quality categories, Berlin 1930 ( Kant-Studien, Suppl. - book 65).
  • The mechanization of the world picture in the 17th century, Leipzig 1938.
  • Studies on the natural philosophy of late scholasticism, in 5 parts, Roma 1949-1958: The precursor of Galileo in the 14th century (1949 )
  • Two basic problems of scholastic natural philosophy (1951 )
  • On the border of scholasticism and science (1952 )
  • Metaphysical background of late scholastic natural philosophy (1955 )
  • Between philosophy and mechanics. Studies on the natural philosophy of late scholasticism (1958 )