Furniture Beetle

The Furniture Beetle ( Ptinidae ), also known as Poch or knock beetles, are a family of beetles dar. Earlier it was the family with the scientific name ( Anobiidae, Fleming, 1821) called. However Ptinidae has priority over this, as this name by Pierre André Latreille was already used in 1802 for the description of the family.

Characteristics and lifestyle

The gnawing beetles are 1.5 to nine millimeters in size, often reddish-brown or brown to black colored beetle. Head and pronotum may occasionally be colored differently than the elytra. Characteristic of the furniture beetle is a cylindrical body, the head is usually hidden under a pronotum. A number of species living in rotten wood, especially the Common woodworm ( Anobium punctatum ) is known as wood pest. Other species also live in hard bracket fungi or in conifer cones, and still others are in manure, mushroom residues or in food (bread beetle, Stegobium paniceum ) to find.


About 1,500 species have been reported worldwide, of whom live in Central Europe about 70 species in the British Isles and about 30 species. In Europe, about 462 species and subspecies are currently present in ten subfamilies and 65 genera.

The following table lists some types of furniture beetles, but it is not complete:

  • Subfamily Anobiinae Yellow Brown Furniture Beetle ( Hedobia pubescens)
  • Light -colored furniture beetle ( Hedobia imperialis )
  • Variable Furniture Beetle ( Grynobius planus)
  • Black dwarf Furniture Beetle ( Dryophilus pusillus)
  • Pied Furniture Beetle, or Bunter Pochkäfer ( Xestobium rufovillosum )
  • Soft Furniture Beetle ( Ernobius mollis )
  • Drugstore beetle ( Stegobium paniceum )
  • Common Furniture Beetle ( Anobium punctatum ), better known as " woodworm "
  • Despite head ( insect) ( Hadrobregmus pertinax )
  • Brushed Furniture Beetle ( Ptilinus pectinicornis )
  • Subfamily Dorcatominae Matt Black Bovistnagekäfer ( Caenocora bovistae )
  • Hump ​​beetle ( Gibbium psylloides )
  • Herbs thief ( Ptinus fur)
  • Black Sägehornkäfer ( Xyletinus ater)
  • Tobacco beetles ( Lasioderma serricone )

Fossil evidence

Members of this beetle family are not rare in Baltic amber. Their relative frequency and their occurrence in the Fund context of other, equally xylophag living insects have provided important clues to the biological communities in the Eocene " amber forest ".