Anshan (Persia)

Anshan (Persian انشان, DMG Ansan, including Anshan, modern Tal -i Malyan ) was a city in what is now Iran in the province of Fars. The oldest population remains are enough to back to 5500 BC. The city was an important center of the kingdom of Elam.

Anshan was ruled by the Achaemenid dynasty and later was one of the seeds of the Persian Empire. The Persian Prince Teispes ( 675-640 BC ) conquered the city of Anshan, and called himself " king of the city of Anshan ".

Anshan ( Tal- i Malyan ) is now a major archaeological site, which covers approximately 200 acres. Excavations conducted by the University of Pennsylvania, took place in 1971, 1972, 1974, 1976 and 1978.


One of the earliest textual evidence reported that the Akkadian king Maništušu (approx. 2250 BC) marched through the city to get to the Persian Gulf. From a conquest not reported. From Ur - Nammu is reported that he fought at the end of his reign against Anshan. Under his successor, we learn, first, that in its 30th year of reign his daughter was married to the governor ( ensi ) of Anshan. In 34 Anshan should then also have been destroyed. In the following years there were more fights between Elam and Ur to the Elamites managed Ibbi -Sin defeat, which was conducted as a prisoner to Anshan.

From Hutelutuš - Inšušinak were numerous inscribed bricks, which occupy a temple of this ruler. Also a large building could be excavated with a courtyard from about this time, in which numerous inscribed clay tablets found dating from paläografischen reasons under Silhak - Inšušinak I.. It is unknown whether this monumental construction with the building or buildings that are mentioned on the bricks, is identical. The building was richly decorated with glazed plaques, which in turn had increased essays.