Template: Infobox city in Turkey / Maintenance / county without inhabitants or surface
Antalya (from Greek Αττάλεια ) is a Turkish city on the Mediterranean. It is the capital of the fertile coastal plain in the south of Asia Minor, which is called Pamphylia in ancient times. Today, the area is also often called Turkish Riviera because of the long sandy beaches. Antalya's old town lies mostly above a cliff. The major seaport in the south of the city adjacent to the Konyaaltı beach.
- 7.1 Football
- 7.2 Billiards
Antalya was founded by ancient tradition 158 BC by King Attalos II of Pergamon. According to him, it was called Attaleia. As the most important port in the wider area it was in the 1st century AD, probably around the year 48 AD travel station of the biblical apostle Paul (Acts 14:25 f.) In the Middle Ages it was in Western sources often known as Satalia, in Greek sources, however, continue as Attaleia.
During the Byzantine period Antalya was an important Christian center and an important Byzantine naval base. After the collapse of Byzantine power after the 4th Crusade, the Templars were enfeoffed by the Latins with the city, which is both the papal legate and Pope Innocent III. confirmed. The city was ruled by Aldobrandino. He was Greek - Italian descent and is usually referred to in the sources as a privateer, because he failed to establish his own dynasty. When Süleyman II, Sultan of Rum besieged the city, Aldobrandino turned for assistance to Cyprus. Walter of Montbéliard, son of Amé of Montfaucon, who came in 1199 with the 4th Crusade in the East, and regent for the underage King Hugo I was, it came with a larger force to help and was able to raise the siege. The money for he had, as it turned out later, taken from the Throne treasure of his ward without further demand. Walter, though, appears to have made very quickly unpopular with the Greek population of the city, as they rose against him and the Seljuks called for help. Presumably Walter had tried to set themselves up in place Aldobrandinos himself the ruler, as he should also try it later in Rhodes, and thereby, as a newcomer from France, little sensitivity put on the day. The Sultan of Rum Kai Khosrau I pulled a 1207 in Antalya. After his accession to the throne in 1210 acted Hugo I then a trade agreement with Kai Khosrau I. from which ensured the safety of Seljuk and Cypriot traders on the southern coast of Anatolia.
The city came under Ottoman rule in the 14th century, however, came to the middle of the 20th century never about the status of a small country town beyond.
Antalya is the capital of the eponymous province, whose inhabitants, about half live in the city of Antalya. Since 1997 there has been twinned with Nuremberg. In the same year also a tramway was opened, their used vehicles by type T4/B4 come from Nuremberg. 2009, another tram line was placed transversely done by the city after one and a half years of construction, which could be put into operation, however, was delayed due to poor planning.
The symbol of Antalya is the minaret located in the center of the Fluted Minaret, Mosque, which was built in the 13th century under the Seljuk Sultan Kai Kobad I.. Only the lowest part of the municipal buildings is the historical origin, as the city until the 1950s was only a medium-sized provincial town with less than 10 percent of today's population.
Today Antalya is the center of a rapidly growing tourist center. However, new industrial and commercial enterprises have often settled as an offshoot of European companies in the infrastructure well developed regional town. In the many new suburbs around Antalya, housing is driven by modern standards. Almost each of these settlements has a mosque and a shopping center and good transport links to the center.
At the 2000 census, Antalya had 606,500 inhabitants, making it the eighth largest city in Turkey; the update of 2008 already called 798,000 inhabitants ( see table); the one million mark was exceeded during the year 2010.
In the 2000s, a number of administrative and territorial reforms in the course of large and sometimes distant parts of the surrounding urban areas combined. This has led to a surge in population. Antalya is followed with 2,158,265 inhabitants 5th place in the cities in Turkey. Of these, 1,090,843 men and 1,067,422 women. In the narrower core city (closed building ) live approximately 1.2 million people.
The table shows the development of populations.
Population by district
According tourists description (on site) Hadrian's Gate at the Atatürk Caddesi is the only remaining gate to the ancient city of Antalya and the harbor. Left and right ran from the gate of the city wall.
The gate was built in honor of the visit of Hadrian in the year 130. On 4-socket built, with 3 arches and pillars decorated with ornaments, you can make up on both sides not front. Overall, the object has less the character of a city gate, but rather that of a Roman triumphal arch. The two towers left and right of the building are different, the left is from the Roman period, the right was under Sultan Kai Kobad I. (1219 - 1238) built. The gate was restored in 1959.
In the western part of the city, at the foot of an ancient settlement mound, is the Roman Arapsu Bridge.
Also worth seeing is the archaeological museum of Antalya.
Antalya is home to the football club Antalyaspor, one of the regular members of the top Turkish league the Süper Lig. In addition, the city with the basketball club Antalya Büyükşehir Belediyespor is (short Antalya BB) represented in the highest Turkish basketball league Türkiye Ligi Basketbol. Furthermore, since 2006, takes place in March of Antalya Marathon, the second largest running event in Turkey.
Due to the relatively pleasant weather, many soccer teams from Europe in the winter months to Antalya in order to prepare there, mostly in good weather conditions for the second round and discharge friendlies. Very popular as a base for the suburb Belek. In 1999, a football tournament is organized every year, participants are Turkish and European teams who spend their training camp in Antalya. The tournament ran 1999-2003 under the name of Gazi Cup, 2003-2007 as Efes Pilsen Cup, 2007-2012 as Antalya Cup and since 2013 as the Tuttor Cup.
The previous winners are:
In Antalya the three-band world cup in 1996 for the first time held in carom, having previously been in Istanbul four times (1993-1995, 2005) took place on Turkish soil. The tournament is part of the carom -Main Tour. It was then held in Antalya still 1997, 1998, 2009, 2010 and 2012. Other Turkish venues of this tournament in 1999 and 2001 City Kemer Kusadasi.
- Özgürcan Özcan, football player
- Rüştü Reçber, Soccer Goalkeeper
- Levent Yüksel, Pop
- Deniz Baykal, Turkish politicians
- Burak Yılmaz, football player
Antalya has partnerships with eight cities:
- Israel Bat Yam, Israel since 1996
- Germany Nuremberg, Germany since 1997
- United States Austin (Texas ), USA since 1998
- Russia Cheboksary, Chuvashia, Russia
- Northern Cyprus Famagusta, Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus since 2001
- Russia Kazan, Tatarstan, Russia since 2003
- Taldyqorghan Kazakhstan, Kazakhstan since 2006
- Russia Rostov-on- Don, Russia