Anthony van Dyck

Sir Anthony van Dyck, Anton van Dyck (* March 22, 1599 in Antwerp, † December 9, 1641 in London), was a Flemish painter (especially portraits) and graphic artist of the Flemish Baroque and freelancer by Peter Paul Rubens.


Born the seventh child of a wealthy textile merchant, he was regarded as particularly talented at drawing. So already the painter Hendrick van Balen him accepted at the age of ten years (1575-1632) as a student. Van Balen worked as a creator of elegant small -scale mythological scenes for collectors of Antwerp's middle class. The known early works of Van Dyck show - even if only in the details - the clear influence of the taskmaster. Already with 19 years van Dyck worked as an independent and recognized master, which is not able to maintain many of its contemporaries from him.

Soon he fell into the environment by Rubens. When working for his studio 's best connoisseur of England, Thomas Howard, 21st Earl of Arundel came to know him and appreciate. At the request of Arundel Sir Anthony traveled to England in 1620 for the first time. After only one year, he entered the service of James I to simultaneously paint some orders for the outstanding men of the court. He took the opportunity to study the present in the collections masterpieces of the Italian Renaissance, which had interested him in Antwerp.

Thus, the influence of Rubens in favor of Veronese, Titian, and even more pushed back. Erika Langmuir, National Gallery London, spoke in this context even of a "dilution" ( diluted).

Anthony van Dyck moved to London in 1632, where he worked as a court painter and outstanding portraitist for Charles I.. In the same year the king raised him to the peerage. The largest contiguous collection of his works is still the property of the English Crown.

In his honor was erected a bust of him in Valhalla. After his typical style of painting, Van Dyck brown is named.

Works (selection)

  • Boy with curly hair 1616
  • Boar hunt, 1618
  • The Martyrdom of Saint Sebastian, 1618
  • The Family Portrait, 1621
  • Holy Family, by 1623, the Benedictine monastery of St. Paul
  • Portrait of Emanuele Filiberto, Prince of Oneglia, 1624, oil on canvas, 126 × 99.6, The Trustees of Dulwich Picture Gallery, London
  • Susanna and the Elders, 1626
  • Charles I at the Hunt, 1638
  • Portrait of Inigo Jones
  • Lady d' Daubigny, 1638 - Portrait of Catherine Howard, who married in 1638 George Lord d' Aubigny.
  • Idealized Portrait of Wallenstein, 1636-1641 arisen
  • His work Self-Portrait with Sunflower applies since the art theft of Gotha in 1979 as lost
  • Five Eldest Children of Charles I, The Royal Collection, London
  • Portrait of Lucas van Uffel 1776 Herzog Anton Ulrich- Museum Braunschweig
  • St. John the Evangelist. Study of a Head before 1737 Herzog Anton Ulrich- Museum Braunschweig