Antoine Coypel

Antoine Coypel (* April 11, 1661 in Paris, † January 7, 1722 ) was a French court painter.


Coypel was the elder son of the painter Noël Coypel with the portrait painter Madeleine Herault and the brother of the painter Noël -Nicolas Coypel. After his first art lessons from his father was a pupil of Coypel Charles Le Brun on "College d' Harcourt ".

With eleven years Coypel in 1672 accompanied his father to Rome, as it had been there entrusted with the management of the " Académie de France ". His time there Coypel used to study the old masters. In the papal art collections he copied mainly works by Raphael; the works of Annibale Carracci, Domenichino, inter alia, met Coypel in the palaces of the Farnese family.

In Rome Coypel also made the acquaintance of Gian Lorenzo Bernini and Carlo Maratta. With our own factories located Coypel involved, inter alia, Exhibitions at the Accademia di San Luca, where he was also honored with a price. According to his own statements Coypel was also the style of Correggio (whose dome frescoes he studied in Parma), Titian and Veronese ( whose works he studied in Venice) and influenced the views of Roger de Piles.

After nearly four years Coypel returned in April 1676 returned to Paris, where he became a master student at the Académie royale de peinture et de sculpture. In November of the same year Coypel was awarded the second prize of an exhibition of painting class. In 1680 he received the commission for the Maibild the Paris goldsmiths' guild ( Assumption ). Later he was called Coypel as lecturers of the Academy ( in which he was taken in October 1681) and in 1714 even to its Director.

For the " Grande Mademoiselle ," he painted from a pavilion in Choisy castle. He painted on behalf of the Duke of Orleans and his son, the future regent, was funded by the influential minister Colbert and Louvois. 1669, there was a rift between the father of Coypel and Mansart, which extended also to Coypel. Coypel wanted to emigrate been to England, but was supported by the later rulers (for which he 1701, the Great Gallery at the Palais Royal with scenes from the life of Aeneas embellished ) and the Dauphin. After the death of Coypel Mansart in 1708 was again appointed by the king ( ceiling painting in the Chapel of Versailles). In 1710 he became director of the Royal collection of paintings.

As followers of Pierre Mignard became Coypel in 1716 ( after 1715 after the death of Louis XIV, the Regent took power ) for "premier peintre du roi " (First Painter of the King). As such, he was also raised to the peerage in 1717. For these years came the bust, which Antoine Coysevox had created.

At the age of 60 years, Antoine Coypel died on January 7, 1722 in Paris.

He married in 1688 Marie -Jeanne Bideau, with whom he had two sons, Philippe and the later history painter Charles -Antoine Coypel. This also wrote a biography of his father.

He left behind a treatise on painting in verse ( Sur l excellence de la peinture, published in Paris in 1883 ).

Works (selection)

  • The expulsion of Athalia from the temple
  • Susanna accused by the Greisen
  • Esther before Ahasuerus
  • Rebecca and Eliezer
  • Silène barbouille de mures par Eglé about 1701, Reims, Musée des Beaux -Arts
  • Democritus Louvre


  • Article by R. Guilly in Kindler's painting lexicon
  • Meyers Lexicon