Antoine-Léonard de Chézy

Antoine- Léonard de Chezy ( born January 15, 1773 in Neuilly -sur -Seine; † August 31, 1832 in Paris) was a French orientalist and co-founder of Indology.


1798, still employed at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, he was to accompany Napoleon Bonaparte on his expedition to Egypt, but fell ill and had to stay in Toulon. As curator of Oriental manuscripts at the National Library, he began the study of Sanskrit as a pupil of Silvestre de Sacy, among other things, the founder of Oriental Studies. In 1814 he received the specially created for him the first European Chair of Sanskrit at the Collège de France. In 1816 he became a member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres.

Chezy conducted research and taught while in Paris, but was closely associated with the German culture. In Paris he met Schlegel circle around 1805, the young Wilhelmina of Klencke, whom he married in 1805. From the compound had two sons: Wilhelm Theodor von Chezy (b. 1806) and Max von Chezy (b. 1808). The marriage was unhappy, however, and failed soon. Already in 1810 his wife separated from him again. In 1809 there were plans to establish a " oriental magazine" together with August Wilhelm Schlegel, and he corresponded with Goethe. Famous German students Chézy have included Franz Bopp, Wilhelm von Humboldt and Friedrich Schlegel.

From the Sanskrit literature, he was in the original with translation and notes out different fonts and wrote about the metric of Sanskrit and the Indian caste. His main work is accompanied by a French translation edition of Kalidasa's drama " Sakuntala " (Paris 1830), but also its remarkable initial translation of " Amarusataka " Amaru (Paris 1831, under a pseudonym ).

He died in Paris in 1832 of cholera.


  • Orientalist
  • Indologist
  • University teachers ( Collège de France)
  • Member of the Académie des Inscriptions et Belles Lettres
  • Frenchman
  • Born in 1773
  • Died in 1832
  • Man