Anton von Maron

Anton von Maron ( born January 8, 1731 in Vienna, † March 3, 1808 in Rome) was an Austrian painter. Importance who became known as a portrait painter.


Anton von Maron was the son of the painter Johann Leopold Maron (1696-1770) and his wife Anna Catharina born.

1741 and 1744 he is mentioned in the list of pupils of the Vienna Academy, where he studied art. In 1755 Maron traveled to Rome. There he lived with his teacher Anton Raphael Mengs. In 1765 he married his sister, the painter Theresa ( 1725-1806 ).

A year later, Maron member of the Accademia di San Luca in Rome. As a result, he specialized in portraiture. This he learned important contemporary personalities know and was able to establish contacts between the Roman and the Viennese art scene in the episode. 1772 had Maron as a consultant in the reorganization of the Vienna Academy. On his recommendation art school sent from this year fellows in the south. In the same year Maron was raised to the peerage. At the art academies of Rome and Vienna, he held important functions and held lectures on art theory.


1757 and 1760/61 Maron worked with Mengs frescoes in the church of San Eusebio and the Parnassus of the Villa Albani in Rome. After Mengs was appointed in 1761 to Madrid, was found for Maron the opportunity to take its place as a portrait painter. The main work of the first year of his independent activity is Maron's Portrait of the art historian Johann Joachim Winckelmann, which is located at the Goethe- room of the Weimar City Palace. A faithful repetition of the Winckelmann - portraits is in Wörlitz. From 1770 several portraits of members of the Austrian imperial family a picture of the Empress Maria Theresa in mourning incurred,.

In the last years of creation Maron's style of painting came through the work of Angelika Kauffmann out of fashion. However, he is one of the most important representatives of early classicism.