Antonio Janigro

Antonio Janigro ( born January 21, 1918 in Milan, † May 1, 1989 ) was an Italian cellist, conductor and professor.


Antonio Janigro received was six when first piano lessons. He then went to Gilberto Crepax at the Conservatory of Milan. From 1929, he joined on the recommendation of Pablo Casals at the École Normale de Musique in Paris and studied cello with Diran Alexenian. He has been awarded six national and international awards and in 1933 began his international solo career. In 1937 he completed his studies definitively.

Soloist, chamber musician, conductor, teacher

As a cellist Janigro was famous for its culture of sound that put him on a par with virtuosos such as Emanuel fire man, Janos Starker and Pierre Fournier.

In addition to his solo performances to Janigro soon made in the field of chamber music a name. Dinu Lipatti With Carlo Zecchi Jörg Demus, or he played sonatas and with George Enescu, Paul Badura -Skoda and Jean Fournier Trio.

Antonio Janigro employed after the Second World War, with orchestral conducting. In 1954 he founded the Zagreb Soloists, which developed under his leadership ( 1954-1967 ) one of the best string orchestra in the world. He then went to succeed Karl Ristenpart the Chamber Orchestra of the Saarland Radio (1968 to 1971). From 1971 to 1974 he led the Camerata Academica of the Salzburg Mozarteum.

Very successfully Janigro has endeavored to promote young talent. 1965 to 1974 he taught at the Musikhochschule in Dusseldorf and in 1975 at the Stuttgart University, since 1971 at the same time at the Mozarteum in Salzburg. Aesthetically in the tradition of Casalsära standing, he managed the training and development of several modern and successful young cellists. His great merit as an educator consisted primarily to convey principles and allow individuals. The result is a wide range of very different player personalities who were mostly taught at the Musikhochschule Stuttgart and at the Salzburg Mozarteum. Among his most prominent pupils include Antonio Meneses, who won the 1982 Tchaikovsky Competition, Mario Brunello, Thomas Demenga and Giovanni Sollima. Assistants and pupils were Julius Berger, Michael Flaksman, Michael Gross, Andrei Petrac, Mario De Secondi, Gustavo Tavares, Christoph Theinert, Stefan Tittgen, Stefan grief.

Janigro published significant recordings among others with Yehudi Menuhin ( Brahms, Double Concerto ) and Alfred Brendel ( Mozart piano concertos ).

Personal friend he was, inter alia, Dimitri Shostakovich.


  • Suites for Solo Cello by Johann Sebastian Bach;
  • Double Concerto by Johannes Brahms with Jean Fournier (violin ) and Hermann Scherchen (Conductor );
  • The cello sonatas by Ludwig van Beethoven with Jörg Demus ( piano);
  • Italian cello sonatas by Locatelli Pietro, Luigi Boccherini and Girolamo Frescobaldi with Antonio Beltrami ( piano);