Antony Hewish

Antony Hewish ( born May 11, 1924 in Fowey, Cornwall ) is a British radio astronomer and Nobel laureate in physics.


Antony Hewish was born as the youngest of three brothers in Fowey (Cornwall) and grew up in Newquay. After the visit of King's College, Taunton he began in 1942 to study at the University of Cambridge. He served from 1943 to 1946 military service in research facilities, the Royal Aircraft Establishment at Farnborough and the Telecommunications Research Establishment at Malvern, in radar research. He returned to Cambridge 1946 and completed his studies in 1948. He then moved to the Cavendish Laboratory to Martin Ryle, with whom he had worked during his military service. After receiving his doctorate in 1952, he moved first to the Gonville and Caius College and in 1961 as Director of Studies of Physics at Churchill College. He was appointed in 1971 as Professor of Radio Astronomy and retired in 1989. He took over in 1977 after a serious illness of Martin Ryle the leadership of the radio astronomy group at Cambridge and was from 1982 to 1988 the Mullard Radio Astronomy Observatory, Lord 's Bridge ( Cambridgeshire) ago.


Hewish began his work in the field of radio astronomy at the Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge and achieved both practical and theoretical advances in the monitoring and evaluation of the scintillation of radio sources due to the interaction of their radiation with the ionosphere. After the discovery of interplanetary scintillation by the solar wind in 1964, he collected funds for the financing of several telescopes in Cambridge to improve the monitoring capabilities of radio galaxies. After 1965, the construction began, the telescopes that are connected together to form a large array were completed in 1967. In this project, noticed one of his students, Jocelyn Bell, Pulsar PSR B1919 21 the first.

He was honored in 1974 with Martin Ryle the Nobel Prize for Physics for his role in the discovery of pulsars. As a result, the Nobel Committee has been severely criticized, especially by Fred Hoyle, as Jocelyn Bell, who was the actual discoverer and mentioned in the original publication of the discovery second only to Hewish, empty-handed.