Apache is a publicized in 1960 by the British music group The Shadows composition, which is one of the most successful instrumental pieces of all time. The version of the Incredible Bongo band is also regarded as one of the most sampled songs in music history.
The English composer Jerry Lordan had already written a few minor hits, when he was still a few melodies without text had left, which included Apache. The inspiration for the title came Jerry Lordan, when he saw in 1959, the U.S. TV Western starring Burt Lancaster and Charles Bronson in the cinema, who came in the emergence Country USA on July 9, 1954 in the cinemas ( in Germany under the title Maasai ).
Lordan had to find typical instrumental bands that were found less often in the UK. Instrumental recordings are in pop music rather than rare - they account for only 1% of all single releases from. There were few pop performers who had specialized in instrumental music, while vocal groups, the proportion of instrumental recordings was even lower.
He found with Bert Weedon an experienced instrumentalists who could already boast four instrumental hits. Apache was taken by Bert Weedon on the recording with the serial number Top Rank JAR # 415 in May 1960. The composer Jerry Lordan did not like this version, because the drama of the composition in melody and dynamics has not been implemented in this first studio recording. The interpretation of Weedon initially remained unpublished.
Cover of Shadows
Disappointed with this first production came in contact with Cliff Richard Lordan support group The Shadows. While touring in May 1960, the instrumental band took up the piece when Lordan played it on a ukelele. It was agreed that the piece to the repertoire of the band would fit. On June 17, 1960, the version of Shadows was created in Studio 2 at London's famous recording studio Abbey Road Studios with producer Norrie Paramor. Lead guitarist Hank Marvin began an Italian Meazzi guitar echo chamber, he used Stratocaster electric guitar for an intense vibrato using the tremolo arm of his Fender. Rhythm guitarist Bruce Welch, an acoustic Gibson J-200 Acoustic Guitar by Cliff Richard, which was unusual for a rock 'n' roll band borrowed. Melodic bass lines were contributed by Jet Harris, while Tony Meehan along with his drums and played by Cliff Richard Chinese drum (Tam Tam ) the piece given at the beginning and end strong percussive trains to mimic as the characteristic sound of American Indian music.
The band spent over two hours of the booked three hours initially foreseen as an A- side title Quatermaster 's Stores. In less than 45 minutes Apache was completed with only four takes. Producer Paramor was more convinced of Quatermaster 's Stores, a higher pace presented as an Apache instrumental version of an original vocal version. It was an old American army song under the title "The Quatermaster 's Store ", as known in the version of Bill Shephard. " Paramor did what he always used to do in such situations, he played the title at home in front of his daughter, and decided to use Apache".
The single Apache / Quatermaster ' s store was indeed first # 4484 posted by the Shadows at Columbia DB on 21 July 1960 but is Weedons version because of the earlier recording date, the original (see cover ). Apache reached only in 1963, its status as a million-seller and went platinum. Alone in the UK, a million records thereof were sold. After the single was reached on 21 July 1960 in the UK singles chart, it came on 25 August 1960 the first place, the position she held for five weeks. Here they supplanted Cliff Richard Please Do not Tease! Where the Shadows are heard as backing band. Through the single, the Shadows could establish itself as an independent band, but also continues accompanied Cliff Richard in the studio and on stage. In Germany was after the publication in October 1960 of Instrumentalhit penetrate to rank 10 of the charts.
Cover versions and samples
Hastily the located in the archives of Bert Weedon original version was published almost simultaneously with the Shadows version in July 1960 and arrived on 28 July 1960 in the UK Singles Chart, where it could only take place 24 as highest position. In the U.S. hit version of Shadows is almost unknown, because for the American market, Danish jazz guitarist Jorgen Ingmann has released its own instrumental version in January 1961. She has attended for two weeks Rank 2 pop singles chart. Also in 1961 appeared a sung version of Sonny James, which reached number 87 of the pop charts.
The Ventures, itself represented a successful US-based instrumental band with a million-seller in 1960, they covered the song on an LP in December 1962., The surf band The Surfaris brought in 1964 a surf rock version out.
The version of the Incredible Bongo Band from 1973 has been sampled so many times that Kool DJ Herc referred to them as " the national anthem of hip hop ".
In 1992, produced by Thomas Kukula dance cover version appeared on the album First Base General of his project. The piece was coupled out in 1993 as a single and later appeared with remixes by André Interactive and Tannenberger.
In 1995, composer Jerry Lordan received a BMI Award for one million performances of Apache in the United States.