A Court of Appeal, also called the Court of Appeal, is a higher court that decides on appeals against decisions of lower courts, which are collectively referred to as the appellation. Not always it involves an appeal in the strict sense. Similarly, these courts in several countries, different names.
In Germany a continuous demarcation between vocation and revision takes place, since standardization of Procedure by the Judicature Act are referred to as appellate courts and are responsible
- In criminal matters, small criminal divisions of the District Courts,
- In civil matters, the District Courts or Courts of Appeal,
- In public matters, the High Administrative Courts and the country's social courts
- In employment, the state labor courts.
The term " Court of Appeal ( shof )" ( AG) and "Upper Court of Appeal ( shof )" ( OAG) were abolished in Germany by the Imperial Justice Laws.
In Austria, the country's courts and higher regional courts.
In Switzerland, are responsible
- In criminal and civil matters in the higher courts
- In public matters, the administrative courts; hierarchy is the special feature to be noted that at the level of the Swiss Canton of administration of justice is actually one stage, ie the Swiss administrative courts are only partly a Court of Appeal, as the lower courts are not independent administrative courts.
In Italy, the appeal courts bear the name of Corte d' Appello.
In the English-speaking countries, most of Appeals Court of Appeal or the Supreme Court are called.
In the United States, the courts of appeal of the Federation shall have the designation United States Court of Appeals, in the states of most Court of Appeals.