Arcos de Valdevez
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Arcos de Valdevez ( Portuguese: arches of Valdevez, where Valdevez is an ancient name for Vale do Vez, dt: valley of the river Vez ) is a small town ( Vila ) in Portugal with 22,855 inhabitants (as of 30 June 2011).
- 2.1 Administration
- 2.2 Demographics
- 2.3 Local holiday
- 2.4 Town twinning
The town was founded in 350 BC by Celtiberian as Arcobriga. Finds, including tombs, actually prove the prehistoric settlement of the area until the arrival of the Romans from the 2nd century BC. , Who called it Arcobrica. This put smaller fortifications to in today's circle area. The fertile soils and the numerous local watercourses remained attraction for settlements. In the Middle Ages came first communities. 1140 met here the forces of Alfonso VII (León ) and the ruler of the independent Kingdom since 1139 declared as Portugal, D.Afonso Henriques, each other. In order to avoid a battle, you did knights tournament from which the rider Dom Afonso Henriques emerged victorious, and he called himself officially king of Portugal. Sometimes it is called as the modern founder of the place.
King Manuel I gave the place under the name of Terra do Valdovez in 1515 city rights ( Foral ). In the course of administrative reform by the Liberal Revolution and the Miguelistenkrieg middle of the 19th century, the county of Arcos de Valdevez has also undergone significant expansion.
Culture and sights
The district lies partly in the Peneda -Gerês. Several trails have been created, and also a circular route through the town of Arcos de Valdevez along its monuments is set up.
Among the monuments of Arcos de Valdevez include, in addition to some historical bridges and buildings, archaeological excavations and stone fountains, especially a variety mansions and religious buildings. These include some monasteries in the county, among them the monastery Ermelo.
The historical town center as a whole is a listed building, but despite everything, the place looks less romantic than comparable places.
In the Casa do Terreiro, a city palace from the 18th century, today the city museum and the city library is housed. It is also a place of exhibitions and other activities, and so it is called Casa das Artes (English: House of Arts).
Arcos de Valdevez is the seat of an eponymous district, which borders to the east with Spain. The neighboring districts are (clockwise starting from the north ): Monção, Melgaço, Ponte da Barca, Ponte de Lima and Paredes de Coura.
The following municipalities ( Freguesias ) lying in circle Arcos de Valdevez:
- Aboim the Choças
- Arcos de Valdevez ( Salvador)
- Arcos de Valdevez (p. Paio )
- Cabana Maior
- Jolda ( Madalena )
- Jolda (p. Paio )
- Monte Redondo
- Padreiro ( Salvador)
- Padreiro (Santa Cristina )
- Rio Cabrão
- Rio de Moinhos
- Rio Frio
- S. Cosme e Damiao S.
- S. Jorge
- Távora ( S. Vicente)
- Tavora (Santa Maria)
- Vila Fonche
- France France: Dammarie -les -Lys ( since 1999)
Sons and daughters
- Mariana Pereira Coutinho Joaquina (1748-1820), maid of honor and literature patron
- Manuel Inácio de Melo e Sousa (1771-1859), politician in the Empire of Brazil
- Júlio Lima (1859-1942), industrialist and philanthropist
- Manuel António Gomes (1868-1933), known as Padre Himalaya, clergyman, ecological inventor
- António Ribeiro Pimenta (1901-1974), physician and educator
- Leite de Vasconcelos (1944-1997), Mozambican writer and journalist
The writer Tomaz de Figueiredo (1902-1970) grew up in Arcos de Valdevez.