Ardea is an Italian town in the province of Rome in the Lazio region with 45 198 inhabitants ( 31 December 2012).
- 2.1 Mythical founding
- 2.2 Ardea in antiquity
- 2.3 Ardea from the Middle Ages to modern times
- 2.4 Ardea in the 20th century
- 4.1 Coat of Arms
- 4.2 Twin towns
- 5.1 Archaeological Excavations
Ardea located 36 km south of Rome and 39 km northwest of Latina.
The territory of Ardea extends from the coast of the Tyrrhenian Sea to the edge of the Alban Hills and includes a part of the Pontine plain. The old town itself is situated on a Tuffhügel, extreme spur of the Alban Hills and witness its volcanic activity. With the draining of the Pontine Marshes, the level was south of the old town heavily populated, as is the coastal strip with its continuous wide sandy beach.
The districts of Marina di Ardea Ardea are and Tor San Lorenzo Lido along the coast and Banditella, Castagnetta, Castagnola, Colle Romito, Montagnano, Nuova California, Nuova Florida, Rio Verde and Tor San Lorenzo in the hinterland. The municipality covers an altitude of 0 m slm s.l.m. to 142 m.
The municipality is located in the seismic zone 3 (slightly endangered).
- Ardea, the ancient Via Ardeatina given its name, which today forms the northern city limit, but for long-distance no longer matters.
- The most important trunk road is the SR 148 Via Pontina from Rome to Terracina, which consists of four lanes throughout the city. Along the coast leads the SP 601 Ostia - Anzio.
- The territory of Ardea is indeed crossed by the Roma- Formia -Naples, but the city does not own the station. The nearest train stations are in Santa Palomba ( Pomezia) and Campo Leone (Aprilia ).
The territory of Ardea has been inhabited since the early days. The oldest graves that have been found date from the second millennium BC In the Iron Age, there were three villages in the city.
According to Dionysius of Halicarnassus, the city of Ardea, son of Odysseus and Circe was founded. According to other sources ( Virgil, Pliny the Elder ), it is a foundation of Danaë. Ardea plays a role in the Aeneid as the seat of Turnus, king of the opponent Rutulians and Aeneas. The war of King Tarquinius Superbus still belongs to the realm of legends.
Ardea in antiquity
In a treaty between Rome and Carthage in the year 509 BC Ardea is mentioned as an ally of Rome. According to Livy, the city was destroyed 390 BC by the Gauls. After the independence and 340 BC ends, it appears as a colony of Rome. In the late period of the Republic of the descent of the city began. Ardea suffered much in the civil wars between Marius and Sulla and had already fallen in the last days of the Republic entirely. However, the sea villas emerged in imperial times along the road.
Ardea from the Middle Ages to modern times
Since the migration period to Ardea fell back on the small fortified place on the site of today's Old Town. 1130 was anti-pope Anacletus II Ardea the Benedictines of Saint Paul Outside the Walls, the well who founded the Church of San Pietro. 1419, Pope Martin V the place to his family, the Colonna. Later, it came to the Cesarini Ardea remained an insignificant village, whose population barely over 100 people went.
Ardea in the 20th century
With the draining of the Pontine Marshes from 1932 level by Ardea was repopulated. Ardea became part of the newly formed community Pomezia. 1970 Ardea was separated and an independent municipality in the province of Rome. 1995 Ardea got city rights.
Luca Di Fiori ( PdL ) was elected in May 2012 as mayor. He replaced his party colleague Carlo Eufemi, who was in office from 2004 to 2012. The center-right alliance also with 10 of 16 seats, the majority in the City Council.
Mayor of Ardea:
- 2001-2004: Roberta Ucci, center-right
- 2004-2012: Carlo Eufemi, ( PdL )
- Since 2012: Luca Di Fiori ( PdL )
Coat of arms
The coat of arms shows on horizontally split plate on top of a red background with a silver heron in flight. Below, on a light blue field an ancient (Greek ) Ship in gold with silver sails across ocean waves. The heron alludes to the Latin meaning of Ardea for herons. The ship is a reference to the founding legend of the city, said to have been founded by Ardea, son of Odysseus. The coat of arms in its current form has been awarded by the President on 30 October 2008.
- The church of Santa Maria is in the cemetery at the foot of Borgo Antico. According to an inscription it was in 1191 by Cencio Savelli, who later became Pope Honorius III. built.
- The San Pietro Apostolo church at Borgo Antico from the 12th century contains the remains of the previous building, an ancient temple.
- The Museo Manzù includes a large part of the work in 1991, who died in Ardea artist Giacomo Manzù. It is administered as a branch of the Galleria Nazionale d' Arte Moderna.
Was in many places in the city of Ardea and the rich evidence of the past excavated.
- The present city center ( Borgo Antico ) takes the ancient acropolis. It is still surrounded with the remains of the city wall from the 7th century BC. In the area of the Acropolis, the foundations of two Hellenistic temple nachgewiesen.Karte41.6091812.54491 were
- About 500 m northeast of the Acropolis was in Casalinaccio district the forum with two temples dating from the 6th and 7th century BC and a basilica (about 100 BC) freigelegt.Karte41.6115112.54958
- 300 m from the present mouth of the river Incastro into the Mediterranean was excavated a fortified port facility with temples dating from the 4th to 3rd century BC since 1998. The plant was identified with the Castrum Inui, which mentioned in the Aeneid wird.Karte41.5812.51126
Sons and daughters of the town
- Leo V. ( Pope ), 9th century