Ardo Hansson, who owns both the Estonian and the American citizen, earned his PhD in economics at Harvard University. Initially he worked in the university sector, he worked from 1991 to 1992 as a consultant for the Estonian Ministry of Foreign Affairs from 1992 to 1995 and 1997 as an advisor to the Estonian Prime Minister.
From 1993 to 1998 he was a member of the supervisory board of Estonian central bank. He was a member of the Committee for Monetary Reform in Estonia and is regarded as the originator of the plan to link the Estonian kroon to the German mark.
From 1998 to 2012, he worked as an economist at the World Bank, where he was responsible for osteuropïsche countries and the Balkans, as well as for China. On June 7, 2012 Hansson was the successor of President Andres Lipstok the Bank of Estonia. In this role, he is a member of the Council of the European Central Bank.
Ardo Hansson has published several articles in scholarly journals.