Arezzo (Latin Arretium Etruscan Aritim ) is a town with 98 352 inhabitants ( 31 December 2012) in the central Italian region of Tuscany, north-east of Siena. It is the capital of the eponymous province, and the fourth largest city in Tuscany ( Florence, Livorno and Prato).
With his purchase Mr. palaces, private mansions and religious buildings Arezzo is a jewel of medieval architecture and culture.
The town is of Etruscan origin ( she was one of the twelve most powerful Etruscan cities and the Twelve Cities and Towns ) and situated on the ancient Via Cassia. In spätaugusteischer time here there were significant manufacturers for the production of Italian terra sigillata. Since the 4th century after Christ's birth Arezzo was a bishopric, and in Lombard and Carolingian Count seat; in nachkarolingischer time the Margrave of Tuscany assumed. The noble and episcopal administration was replaced by the usual expectant Konsularverfassung in Italy in the early 12th century. At the beginning of the 13th century replaced the communal movement, the old government, which was now entirely provided by the consul. The related struggles between the people ( popolo ) and the noble families took away, however, as it generally came at this time of social unrest in most municipalities upper and central Italy. The city was considered as a Ghibelline and thus loyal to the Emperor. In addition to Pisa held the only municipality of Tuscany in the early 14th century it fixed. So Emperor Henry VII stayed some time in Arezzo and enacted several laws there.
The Commune fell soon thereafter moved to Florence. There were riots, but she remained, except for a few episodes, under Florentine rule. Among the Medici fell, the city whose heyday in the 13th century had long been exceeded.
Coat of arms
Description: Argent, a jumping black horse to the right. About the shield, the five towers golden mural crown.
At the beginning of the 13th century saw the establishment of a university by students migrated from Bologna. The focus was in Arezzo also jurisprudence, also the medicine. However, in the 14th century, the University fell and soon went under it. Today is located in Arezzo, the Faculty of Arts of the University of Siena.
Your handicrafts made the city rich, especially the famous " Aretines vases " and the remaining alive tradition of jewelery making. Far beyond the borders of the region Arezzo has since been known for its jewelry industry. Many hundreds of craft and industrial operations help that Arezzo is considered wealthy. Per month more than ten tons of gold are processed in the city. In addition, many visitors come for the antiques market and many antique shops. Recently, Arezzo Film City has become. On the Piazza Grande and the Corso Italia some scenes from Roberto Benigni's award-winning film was " Life is Beautiful " ( " La Vita è Bella " ) rotated.
Arezzo is situated on the E 45 - A 1 and on the north and south associated with the Direttissima Florence-Rome railway line Florence-Rome and two operated by the Trasporto ferroviario Toscano branch lines to Prato Vecchio - Stia or Sinalunga. Arezzo has an airfield for general aviation, which has been closed due to economic difficulties at times.
- Cathedral of San Donato, whose large-format glass paintings by Fra Guillaume de Marcillat are particularly worth seeing
- Badia delle Sante Flora e Lucilla with the tags and the high altar by Giorgio Vasari
- The church of San Francesco with frescoes of Piero della Francesca
- The Church of San Domenico with the earliest surviving work of Cimabue
- The church of the Santissima Annunziata, the main church of the High Renaissance in Arezzo
- The church of Santa Maria delle Grazie with the famous Loggia from the early Renaissance
- Casa del Petrarca - reputedly the birthplace of the poet, humanist and scholar Francesco Petrarca - with an exhibition of his works
- Casa di Giorgio Vasari - The painter and architect who built including the Uffizi Gallery in Florence, acquired in 1540 the two-story house and painted the rooms with magnificent frescoes
- The sloping Piazza Grande was built with the church of Santa Maria della Pieve and the monumental Palazzo delle log, the end of the 16th century also, designed by Vasari
- The Museo Archeologico Mecenate in the former convent of San Bernardo with finds from Etruscan and Roman times
- The Praetorian Palace from the 14th century, since 1404 the seat of the chief judge; inside there is the municipal library with precious manuscripts and miniatures.
Cathedral of Arezzo - Francesco Redi
Round window in San Francesco of Guillaume de Marcillat ". Pope Honorius III approved the Rule of St. Francis "
Palazzo delle Sign
- Gaius Maecenas ( 70 BC -8 BC), the young writers such as Horace and Virgil promoted and whose name was synonymous with generous art patron ( patron )
- Guido of Arezzo (also called Guido Monaco), musician around 1000 AD, who developed the modern notation
- Benedetto Sinigardi (1190-1282) Franciscan, it goes back to the custom of the Angelus prayer
- Francesco Petrarca (1304-1374), poet, scholar and humanist
- Spinello Aretino (1346-1410), painter
- Leonardo Bruni (1369-1444), humanist and chancellor of Florence
- Guglielmo de Marcillat (1467/1470-1529), a glass painter and first teacher of Vasari
- Pietro Aretino (1492-1556), writer
- Benedetto Accolti (1497-1549), Cardinal of the Catholic Church
- Giorgio Vasari (1511-1574), painter and architect, author of the famous biographies of the great painters, sculptors and architects (le vite )
- Marc ' Antonio Cesti (1623-1669), opera composer
- Teresa Margaret Redi (1747-1770), saint of the Catholic Church, mystic
- Pietro Benvenuti (1769-1844), Portrait and history painter
- Francesco Severi (1879-1961), mathematician
- Consalvo Sanesi (1911-1998), racing driver
- Marie -Louise Berneri (1918-1949), writer and anarchist
- Amedeo Carboni (born 1965 ), football player
- Vittorio Grigolo ( b. 1977 ), singer
- Daniele Bennati ( b. 1982 ), cyclist
- Luca Scassa ( b. 1983 ), motorcycle racer
- Dylan and Cole Sprouse (* 1992), actor
Arezzo is home to the football club AC Arezzo who played in the 2009/10 season in the Prima Divisione the Lega Pro.
Arezzo maintains with the following cities and communities partnerships: