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Arganil is a Vila and a circle ( concelho ) in Portugal with 7730 inhabitants (as at 30 June 2011).
Archaeological excavations evidence of a settlement of the community since the Chalcolithic period. During the Roman occupation, the local settlement of the Lusitanians was converted into a Roman garrison. His first received city rights Arganil 1134, which were renewed in 1514 by King Manuel I..
1809 Arganil was camp for the Portuguese- British Army Wellington, against the Napoleonic invasions, in connection with which the looting Arganils by the troops of the French General Massena were 1811.
Arganil is the seat of the homonymous district. The neighboring districts are (clockwise starting from the north ): Penacova Tábua, Oliveira do Hospital, Seia, Covilhã, Pampilhosa da Serra, Gois and Vila Nova de Poiares.
The following parishes ( freguesias ) lying in circle Arganil:
- Barril de Alva
- Moura da Serra
- Pombeiro da Beira
- São Martinho da Cortiça
- Vila Cova de Alva
After a growth phase, especially after a series of amalgamations in 1853, the structurally weak region was increasingly affected by emigration and rural depopulation since the mid-20th century.
- September 7
- Spain: Las Torres de Cotillas (since 1995)
- Mozambique Mozambique: Beira ( since 1999)
- Mozambique Mozambique: Angoche (since 1999)
Culture and sights
Through its long history, its different localities, and its varied mountain and forest scenery in the county Arganil has a variety of attractions.
With Piódão is one of the historic villages of aldeias Históricas de Portugal, in a circle. In addition many traditional slate villages are part of the county, including with Benfeita and Vila Cova de Alva two places on the route aldeias do xisto. Thematically sorted and marked hiking trails are created, some with regional expansion.
In Arganil circle Fraga is the Cascata da da Pena, some river swimming and the reservoir Albufeira Fronhas offer a variety of water sports and swimming opportunities. The mountain in the Serra do Açor (German: Habicht Mountains) is a nature reserve, and includes, inter alia, the 68 -hectare forest area since Margaraça Mata, one of the last surviving original forests of Portugal.
Among the numerous protected monuments in the medieval district and several times since then expanded monastery Mosteiro de Folques belongs ( also Mosteiro de São Pedro), in addition to a variety of religious buildings, some historic village centers, historic mansions and public buildings. Also the references of a, on a hill-fort ( Portuguese: Castro) Celtiberian declining Roman deposit is registered as a memorial, the Castro da Lomba do Canho in Secarias.
Some culturally significant places in the district are the 1954 opened and also listed Teatro Alves Coelho in Arganil, the Biblioteca Municipal Miguel Torga in Arganil and the Biblioteca Alberto Martins de Carvalho in Coja, the public gallery Sala de Exposições Temporárias Guilherme Filipe changing art exhibitions, and the Centro de Arte Rupestre interpretativo de Chãs d' Égua, an information center of the rock paintings routes of the circle.
Sons and daughters of the town
- José Dias Ferreira (1837-1909), jurist and politician, several times Minister, 1892/93 Prime Minister