Ariane Mnouchkine ( born March 3, 1939 in Boulogne- Billancourt ) is a French stage and film director, theater director and author.
The French director Ariane Mnouchkine comes from a Russian immigrant family. Her father was a film producer Alexandre Mnouchkine, her mother an Englishwoman whose father was a British actor Nicholas Hannen. She studied in the early 1960s in Oxford and in Paris at the Sorbonne, where he made first directorial experience with a student theater. In 1964 she founded with her student colleagues the alternative theater Théâtre du Soleil. The theater collective now consists of about thirty-five international professional and amateur actors. After a few successful productions, the group in 1970 received her own theater in Paris' Bois de Vincennes (12th Arrondissement ), her stage is a huge factory, the Cartoucherie de Vincennes. Lives there and the ensemble works as a community. Actors and stage workers receive the same salary. The collective developed ideas which are funded primarily from the proceeds of their world tours. The members of the theater are in equal proportions owner of the theater.
She sat down for an asylum of the author and director Rayhana in France, which was forced to flee in 2010 before the Islamic violence in Algeria.
Styles and methods
The Théâtre du Soleil sees itself as constantly learning organism and relates the influences and ideas of his production practice from all countries and epochs. To them is about the European tradition of folk theater such as the commedia dell'arte very important. The form-fitting practice for their theater is based on the methods and techniques of Jacques Lecoq. Today, the means of pantomime, cabaret, acrobatics and improvisation equally dominate. In their performances them active involvement of the audience is also a big concern. Thus, they also want the public learning processes and trigger the desire for change. The Théâtre du Soleil has with these and other features on a major intellectual and methodological affinity with the dance company of Pina Bausch. These similarities also picks up on the documentary snapshot (1983 ) by Clemens Kuby.