Ariocarpus retusus

Ariocarpus retusus in bloom

Ariocarpus retusus is a flowering plant in the genus Ariocarpus from the cactus family ( Cactaceae ). The specific epithet retusus comes from the Latin, means jaded ' and refers to the shape of the warts. Spanish common names are " Chaute ", " Chautle " and " Peyote Cimarron ". The Huichol call him a " Tsuwíri ".


Ariocarpus retusus grows with flattened spherical, gray-green, blue-green or yellow-green stems and reaches diameters of 4 to 30 centimeters plant height 3-25 inches. Spreading the upright warts protrude from the bottom surface. They sit at the base pushed, are somewhat pointed or have a sharp tip on. The upper side of the wart is rounded or flat. The warts are 1.5 to 4 inches long and 1 to 3.5 inches wide. You can be just as long as wide or twice as long. At the tips of the warts areoles are occasionally present.

The flower are cream to light yellow or white, sometimes with a red center stripe, or pink. They have a diameter of 3 to 5 centimeters. The elongated fruits are 1 to 2.5 inches long.

The chromosome number.

Systematics, distribution and hazard

Ariocarpus retusus in Mexico widespread. The distribution area extends from the states of Coahuila and Nuevo Leon south along both sides of the Sierra Madre Occidental to San Luis Potosí.

The first description was in 1838 by Michael Joseph François Scheid hamlet. A synonym is nomenklatorisches Anhalonium retusum ( Scheidw. ) Salm- Dyck ( 1850). We distinguish the following sub- types:

  • Ariocarpus retusus subsp. retusus
  • Ariocarpus retusus subsp. trigonus ( FACWeber ) EFAnderson & WAFitz Maur

Ariocarpus retusus is on the Red List of Threatened Species IUCN as "Least Concern ( LC) ," ie, not compromised as in nature, classified.


In ariocarpus retusus hordenine were detected N- methyltyramine, N-methyl -3 ,4- dimethoxy- β - phenethylamine and N -methyl-4 -methoxy- β - phenethylamine, and the flavonol Retusin.


The locals use the slime from the roots of plants as a glue for repairing pottery. As a medicinal it is used for the treatment of fever. Ariocarpus retusus be attributed to similar intoxicating properties such as Ariocarpus fissuratus. The Huichol she has a reputation for being a bad peyote cactus and to make people crazy.