Arjuna (Sanskrit, m., अर्जुन, [ ʌɽʤunʌ ] ) is one of the most heroic figures in the Indian epic Mahabharata. He is Krishna's dialogue partners in the Bhagavad Gita, which in the west probably the most common sacred text of Hinduism.

CV according to Mahabharata

Arjuna is the son of the sky god Indra and Queen Kunti, who lives in a polygamous marriage with the prince Pandu and his second wife Madri. Pandu can testify due to a curse, no children; about him bear his two wives sons who were begotten by gods. According to him, they are called Pandavas.

Arjuna is developing into an excellent archers and of Agni he gets the magic bow Gandhiva given. Along with his four brothers, he lives in polygamy with Draupadi together. The Mahabharata tells that he could win through mastery of the bow as a woman, but by a misunderstanding of his mother Kunti he had to share with his brothers the princess.

After losing a game of dice against their adversaries, the Kauravas, the five Pandavas are forced to go along with Draupadi in the woods. There she should live according to the terms, twelve years then unrecognized spend the thirteenth year in the society. If they are discovered, they would have another twelve years in exile. Therefore, the Pandavas hire in various jobs at the court of the king of Matsya. Arjuna as eunuch from, lives in women's clothing, has his hair braided and wearing cuffs and anklets made ​​of seashells. He teaches the women at the court in dance, singing and in playing of musical instruments.

One day there will be a battle between the Kauravas and the attacking army of Matsya. Arjuna and his brothers first fight in disguise, but is completed the thirteenth year of exile during the fighting and Arjuna can identify themselves. He is the strongest fighter and hero of his time and defeated all the heroes of the Kauravas. The king Duryodhana but he breaks the crown as a sign of humiliation in two.

Although the Pandavas have fulfilled their debt from the game of dice with the thirteen-year exile, the Kauravas are not ready to give back their cousins ​​, the half of the kingdom contrary to the agreements. After long negotiations it comes to trying to decisive battle of Kurukshetra. Arjuna is ready to fulfill his warrior duties. However, when he on the opposite side of his numerous relatives, his teacher and sees people that he values ​​, he despairs and will not fight. At this moment it is his friend and charioteer Krishna, who shows him the right way at the right action and revealed to him in a vision as big Highest. This conversation should have taken place between the two embattled armies, has gone down in history as the Bhagavad Gita.

The Pandavas wear in battle the victory and the older brother of Arjuna, Yudhisthira becomes king of the country. Abhimanyu, the son of Arjuna, was also dropped. His wife Uttara bare him after his death a son named Parikshit, who later became an important king was.

Others use

Arjuna is the namesake for a class of asteroids, the Arjuna asteroid.