Arnold Daghani

Arnold Daghani ( born February 22, 1909 in Suceava, Austria - Hungary as Arnold grain, † April 6, 1985 in Hove, United Kingdom) was a Romanian painter.


Arnold grain was born into a German -speaking Jewish family in the part of the then Austro-Hungarian Bukovina, which fell after 1918 in Romania. In the early 1930s he moved to Bucharest and rumänisierte his family name in Dagani ( " grain " ), which later was in Israel Daghani. In Bucharest, he studied economics. End of June 1940, he and Anisoara Rabinovici married and they moved to the now occupied in connection with the Hitler -Stalin Pact of the Soviet Union, Northern Bukovina, where they settled in Chernivtsi few months later. The Romanian reconquest of the territory in June 1941 Daghani was again exposed to the pressures of the Romanian anti-Semitism, and the couple was deported in the summer of 1942 to the labor camp at Mikhailovka, west of the Southern Bug in the region Vinnytsia, where he painted on the side and sneaking scenes of everyday life and diary led. The inmates of this German forced labor camp working for the Organisation Todt on the thoroughfare IV, among them also in the camp perished poet Selma Sea Tree Eisinger. Dobhaniy was employed as a painter and should prepare in July 1943 for the engineers of the road construction company in August Dohrmann place Gaisin an eagle mosaic. He and his wife were able to escape into the Romanian occupied Transnistria were, but there again ghettoized in Bershad, its occupants should also be deported. End of December 1943, she finally got with the help of the Red Cross back to Bucharest and survived the Holocaust.

In the People's Republic of Romania Daghani not yielded to the state-administered painting style of Socialist Realism and did not want to join the state association of artists, so that he had to earn his living as an English teacher. Even now he was secretly rather everyday life in his environment. In his hasty departure to Israel in 1958 created a large bundle of drawings remained. As a result, he found neither in Israel, Switzerland, nor Vence in southern France and finally in 1977 in the UK, where he moved on, respectively, the hoped-for recognition as an artist.

1947 published his notes from the camp under the title Groapa este în livada de Visini, which was also translated into English: The Grave is in the Cherry Orchard. This appeared in 1960 in German transfer diary was a trigger for various investigations in the 1960s in the Federal Republic of Germany because of the German crimes in the forced labor camps.

Much of his artistic works is preserved in the University of Sussex.

Writings / Exhibitions

  • Reminder - image - word. Arnold Daghani and Charlotte Salomon. Accompanying the exhibition of Erik Riedel and Deborah Schultz. Edited by Raphael Gross, Frankfurt am Main: Jewish Museum, 2012 exhibition at the Jewish Museum in Frankfurt, 2012. .
  • Let me live. Stages in the life of the artist Arnold Daghani (Original Title: The Grave Is In The Cherry Orchard -, translated from English by Felix Rieper With a pref by Edward Timms. ), Path and goal, Tel- Aviv 1960 edition. Among cleats, Lüneburg 2002, ISBN 978-3-934920-25-5.
  • Helmut Braun, Deborah Schultz (ed.): The painter Arnold Daghani, " pursued - drawn ". To cleats, Springe 2006, ISBN 978-3-934920-55-2.
  • Arnold Daghani 's Memories of Mikhailowka: The Illustrated Diary of a Slave Labour Camp Survivor. Vallentine Mitchell, London 2009, ISBN 978-0-85303-639-5.
  • Arnold Daghani: The Grave is in the Cherry Orchard. In: ADAM International Review. No. 1961. 291-293.

Pictures of Arnold Daghani