Artstetten is a castle in the market town of Artstetten- Pöbring in the district of Melk in Lower Austria in possession of the Hohenberg family.
The first documentary mention in 1263 construction was to the 15th century in the possession of those of Aerendorf.
After several changes of ownership acquired in 1823 the Austrian imperial family the castle. It was intended as a widow's residence for the Empress Karolina Augusta. This was followed (1835 ) and Karl Ludwig, brother of Emperor Franz Joseph (1861 ) in possession of the Archdukes Franz Karl. Also as a buyer appears in the year 1866 to Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian, who later became Emperor of Mexico, but it never paid.
In 1889 it was awarded the Austrian Crown Prince Franz Ferdinand of his father, Archduke Karl Ludwig. In his time, both the castle and the park was rebuilt and modernized.
In 1914, inherited after the assassination in Sarajevo of the eldest son of the heir to the throne, Maximilian, the castle, who was then only 12 years old. After the Anschluss in 1938 Duke Maximilian of Hohenberg was expropriated and deported with his brother Prince Ernst as one of the first Austrian in the Dachau concentration camp. The dispossessed family arrived after the time of National Socialism to the Republic of Austria.
In 1949 the castle was restituted by the Republic of Austria back to Maximilian, who in 1962 bequeathed his son Franz.
After the death of Francis High Mountain 1977 wrote his widow, Elisabeth of Luxembourg, the possession in Artstetten with castle, Museum, Forestry and Agriculture her oldest daughter Anita, which thanks to your man (1982 ), the Archduke Franz Ferdinand Museum founded and the castle renovated. Anita Hohenberg married the French Count de La Poeze d' Harambure. From this marriage four children who are committed now to the historic heritage come. Since 2003, the castle and all lands owned by the " Anita - Hohenberg Foundation " is.
Archduke Franz Ferdinand Museum
In this part of the system built is now the Archduke Franz Ferdinand Museum. The first exhibition, From Mayerling to Sarajevo, was replaced by an exhibition entitled throne or love. In addition, annual special exhibitions are held. These include:
The privately owned and accessible to the public due Castle Archive is a naturally grown ingredient, nevertheless of importance to the history of Austria and the private lives of the imperial families. The rule and Gutsarchiv is obtained consistently since the purchase by Emperor Francis I ( 1823). It serves the creation of the many special exhibitions, which is one reason for a thematic inventory also each. It was compiled in the course of the creation of the Museum in 1982 by Romée de La Poeze d' Harambure with the help of the historian Vladimir Aichelburg and kept in special rooms. 2011 was carried out by the lady of the castle Anita Hohenberg a complete adaptation and modernization.
Church and family crypt
The castle and parish church " St. James the Greater " is on the east side of the castle and is connected by a staircase with the underlying market Artstetten- Pöbring. The original free-standing Gothic church was expanded into a baroque hall construction 1691-1698 and extended to the castle. Under Archduke Franz Ferdinand was before the First World War, a transformation of the parish church in the style of historicism.
1909 gave Franz Ferdinand for the erection of a family vault for twelve coffins under the forecourt of the parish church. Then his wife Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg, because of their unstandesgemäßen from the perspective of the Emperor of origin could not be buried in the Imperial Crypt, a crypt was built under the castle and parish church, where she was also buried. He also gave up a funeral in Vienna and was also buried according to his wishes in the Artstettner tomb. On the same pedestal are the words " United by the bond of marriage, united by the same fate ." 1955/56, the tomb was expanded after the death of Ernst Hohenberg under the church tower and the castle terrace facing south. These as well as the front of the church were renovated in 1985. Today, in addition to the two sons and their wives and three grandchildren Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Elisabeth of Luxembourg are buried here. The old lord of the castle crypt, which is located directly below the church is dedicated to the descendants of the marriage Anita Hohenberg and Count de La Romée Poeze d' Harambure.
- A 10- euro coin of the Austrian National Bank has been dedicated to the Artstetten Castle in 2004.
- Installation of a memorial plaque on Archduke Franz Ferdinand and Duchess von Hohenberg in the Imperial Crypt in Vienna which is revealed by Cardinal Franz König. (1986)
- Presentation of the Wachau Gold Dome in Silver ( 1988)
- Presentation of the Findings price of Lower Austria for the founder of the museum: Romée de La Poeze d' Harambure (1990 )
- Artstetten is chosen as the main location for the 11 - part TV series " Donauprinzessin ". (1991)