Arusha is a city in north- eastern Tanzania and the capital of the Arusha Region. Named the city is named after a living in the region of the Masai people. The city has 341 155 inhabitants (as of 1 January 2005). Given the population growth in the past few years and the approximately 100,000 commuters estimates the city administration that nobody more than 500,000 people in the city during the day.
Arusha is situated nearly 90 km south-west of the summit of Mount Kilimanjaro at 1,400 m altitude. Just north of the small Arusha National Park is the 4,565 m high extinct volcano Meru, and located at its foot Ngurdoto crater.
The city was from 1967 to 1977 the seat of the East African Community and has since international conference. Also announced in 1967, the then President of Tanzania, Julius Nyerere Kambarage, here the Arusha Declaration, a socialist embossed development program.
In 1969, the Arusha agreement on the liberalization of trade between EEC, Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda was decided.
1993 here the Arusha Agreement was signed, which should end the country's long civil war in Rwanda. In fact, as early as next year to genocide in Rwanda.
Since 1995, the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda shall meet in the city, which is used to address the genocide of 1994. International conferences of the United Nations and the African Union make Arusha to the African Meeting point of the continent.
In 2006, Arusha hosted the 8th Summit of the East African Community.
Arusha is also Catholic and Protestant bishopric.
Since the 1970s, the population has increased sevenfold. Today is the center of Arusha Tanzanian tourism, which is also the major economic sector. Due to the many safari tourists who come to Arusha, the city on the basis of Dar es Salaam in the vernacular is sometimes jokingly called it Dar Safari. In addition to Dar es Salaam Arusha is one of Tanzania's most important industrial centers (mainly raw material processing, particularly coffee, cereals, sisal, kapok, jute and coir, for some years growing cut flowers for export).
The city has good transport links, including a regional airport. Kilimanjaro International Airport is located about 50 km towards the eastern neighboring town of Moshi. In addition, Arusha is theoretically accessible by train; the city is the terminus of the railway line from Dar Es Salaam. However, the passenger is already several years out of service.
In addition to a large number of small supermarkets, markets and street vendors there are in Arusha two large shopping centers and two major markets:
- Shoprite (TFA ) shopping complex: food, outdoor items, Souverniers, restaurants, cafes
- Njiro Shopping Centre: various shops, cafes, restaurants
- And everything you need traditional market with food for daily life: Kilombero Market
- Soko Kuu: The covered main market of the town near the mosque
- Arusha Curio Market: Maasai art
- United States Durham, North Carolina, United States
- United States Kansas City, Missouri, United States
- Austria Mürzzuschlag, Austria
- Tifariti Western Sahara, Western Sahara
Arusha is also known for the film Hatari! , With Hardy Krüger and John Wayne. The favorite cafe of the two is located near the Clock Tower.