Ashcan School, also called the Ash Can Group, (Eng. " ash can school" ) was a painter group founded in New York in 1908 of American realism.
Objectives of the Group
Eight native of Philadelphia painter, who came in 1904 to New York, joined forces to, as well as the American Impressionism to distance themselves from the academic style of the time historicizing representations of the pioneer days, and instead the harsh everyday life of various classes of the population of the metropolis in a novel of social criticism American Realism to prescribe.
The name Ashcan to German Clocks & Timers, was used disparagingly of conservative criticism, but had prevailed, ironically, as a trademark for the motion ( the artist originally called themselves The Eight ).
Was represented primarily the everyday urban environment. Poor people in slums, drunks, criminals, accidents, crime and social misery. Your pictures were initially no attention and were rejected by galleries and museums, most of the night earned extra money with press drawings ( it was the time in the newspaper photos were rare ). Some of the members joined later left-wing political movements and trade unions.
Members of the movement
The original members of the artist group The Eight were:
- Robert Henri
- Arthur B. Davies
- Maurice Prendergast
- Ernest Lawson
- William Glackens
- Everett Shinn
- John French Sloan
- George Luks
The art direction of the Ashcan Group, however, a number of other artists from their environment was attributed. These included especially the two pupils of Henri Edward Hopper, Raphael Soyer and George Wesley Bellows. Even Mabel Dwight and photographer Jacob Riis, with its city photographs were assigned to the Ashcan School.
Brief introduction and illustrated examples (English)
- Rebecca Zurier, Robert W. Snyder, Virginia M. Mecklenburg, National Museum of American Art (U.S.): Metropolitan Lives: The Ashcan Artists and Their New York. Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. In 1995.
- Group of artists (painting)
- Culture ( New York City )